Orchestra

The orchestra is an instrumental ensemble that may contain sections of string, woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments, with the occasional addition of instruments such as keyboards, harps, or electric instruments. It could be considered as the pinnacle ensemble in Western musical tradition, because of the variety and complexity of its repertoire, the rich possibilities it offers in terms of sonority, and its elastic structure and composition. The orchestra consolidated in this position during the 18th and 19th century, and the 20th and 21st centuries saw its inclusion in mass media such as film music, video game music, television, etc. Orchestras may vary in size from chamber ensembles (than can have around 50 members or less) to full sized orchestras (70-100 or more musicians). The terms 'symphonic' and 'philharmonic' are usually reserved to designate such orchestras, thought in practice this naming convention doesn't imply any real difference in terms of repertoire or composition. Orchestras can also be found attached to institutions such as colleges, either of amateur or professional character. In the early days orchestras were often conducted by a playing musician or by a soloist, and they could even perform without a conductor. The increasing size of ensembles, the growing complexity of the music, and the refinement of musical expectations in audiences, all helped to develop the figure of the orchestral conductor, which directs the orchestra through visible hand gestures, besides playing a part in its management.

Title Composer Form Period Ratings
Oh Canada Calixa Lavallée Anthem Late 19th century
Slovenian National Anthem Stanko Premrl Anthem Late 19th century
Swan Lake Op.20 Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky Ballet Romantic
Landkjending, Op.31 Edvard Grieg Cantata Romantic
''Wir Glauben all an einen Gott'', BWV 437 (instrumental) Johann Sebastian Bach Chorale Baroque
In memorial of Arrigo Boito Arturo Toscanini Compilation 20th Century
A. Scarlatti - Concerto Grosso Antonio Vivaldi Concerto Baroque
Bach - Concerto for 3 & 4 Antonio Vivaldi Concerto Baroque
Battista, Locatelli & J.S Bach - Concetos Antonio Vivaldi Concerto Baroque
Brandenburg Concerto no. 1 in F major, BWV. 1046 Johann Sebastian Bach Concerto Baroque
Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F major, BWV 1047 Johann Sebastian Bach Concerto Baroque
Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G major, BWV 1048 Johann Sebastian Bach Concerto Baroque
Brandenburg Concerto No.6 in B-flat major, BWV 1051 Johann Sebastian Bach Concerto Baroque
Chant du menestrel, Op. 71 Aleksandr Glazunov Concerto Baroque
Concerti a due Cori, HWV 332-334 Georg Friedrich Händel Concerto Baroque
Concerto, Euryanthe, Symphony No.2 Carl Maria von Weber Concerto Classical
Concerto Grosso in G major, HWV 314 Georg Friedrich Händel Concerto Baroque
Concerto in C major Op.8 No.12 Antonio Vivaldi Concerto Baroque
Concerto in E flat major Op.30; G minor Op.12 Antonio Vivaldi Concerto Classical
Concerto No.1 in B flat minor Op.23 Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky Concerto Classical
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Composers Aleksandr Glazunov · Alexander Borodin · Anton Bruckner · Antonín Dvořák · Antonio Vivaldi · Arturo Toscanini · Bedřich Smetana · Calixa Lavallée · Camille Saint-Saëns · Carl Maria von Weber · Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach · César Franck · Christoph Willibald Gluck · Claude Debussy · Edvard Grieg · Edward Elgar · Edward German · Émile Waldteufel · Emmanuel Chabrier · Felix Mendelssohn · Franz Joseph Haydn · Franz Liszt · Franz Schmidt · Franz Schubert · Frederick Delius · Friedrich von Flotow · Fromental Halévy · Gabriel Fauré · Georg Friedrich Händel · Georg Gerson · George Whitefield Chadwick · Georges Bizet · Gioachino Antonio Rossini · Girolamo Nicolò Laurenti · Giuseppe Verdi · Gustav Holst · Gustav Mahler · Hans Huber · Hector Berlioz · Hideaki Shichida · Jacques Offenbach · Johan Halvorsen · Johann Sebastian Bach · Johann Strauss Jr · Johann Strauss Sr · Johannes Brahms · John Philip Sousa · Joseph Lanner · Joseph Wagner · Jules Massenet · Julius Fučík · Léo Delibes · Leoš Janáček · Ludwig van Beethoven · Manuel de Falla · Maurice Ravel · Modest Mussorgsky · Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov · Ottorino Respighi · Paul Dukas · Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky · Richard Strauss · Richard Wagner · Robert Schumann · Sergei Rachmaninoff · Stanko Premrl · Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Periods 20th Century · Baroque · Classical · Early 20th Century · Late 19th century · Romantic
Forms Anthem · Ballet · Cantata · Chorale · Compilation · Concerto · Dance · Fugue · Funeral Music · Intermezzi · Invention · March · Nocturne · Opera / Operetta · Overture · Pavane · Piece · Polonaise · Prelude · Quartet · Rhapsody · Sacred Mass · Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation · Suite · Symphonic Pieces · Symphonic Poem · Symphony · Theatrical / Incidental · Theme and Variations · Trio · Waltz

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