Symphony

A symphony is a multi movement piece of music, most often written for a large instrumental force. The term has varied in meaning since its origins in ancient Greece. During the Baroque period, the terms symphony and sinfonia (its equivalent in some romance languages) were used to describe several instrumental forms, usually part of larger works (such as three part inventions). During the 18th century, the term symphony was often interchangeable with the term 'overture'. In fact, the fast-slow-fast structure of the Italian overture, together with the sonata form, exerted a big influence on the development of the 'traditional' or Romantic symphony form, which ultimately came to be defined as: an opening allegro movement in sonata form, a slow movement, a dance movement, and a second fast movement, usually a rondo or a set of theme+variations. During the Romantic period composers experimented with variations on this layout, and included programmatic elements into their symphonic compositions.

Title Composer Instrument Period Ratings
1st mov. from Symphony no. 3 in Eb 'Eroica', Op. 55 Ludwig van Beethoven Orchestra Romantic
Apotheose from Grande symphonie funebre et triomphale, Op. 15 Hector Berlioz Orchestra Romantic
Beethoven's Symphony no. 10 [completion] Hideaki Shichida Orchestra 20th Century
Operatic Recital Various Voice(s) and Instruments 20th Century
Organ Symphony Denis Pisarevsky Organ 21st Century
Organ Symphony no. 6 in Gm, no. 2 from Op. 42 Charles-Marie Widor Organ Late 19th century
Petite symphonie, Op. 216 Charles Gounod Wind Ensemble Romantic
Roma Georges Bizet Orchestra Romantic
Romeo and Juliet, H 79 Hector Berlioz Voice(s) and Orchestra Romantic
Sinfonia Concertante Karl Stamitz N/A Classical
Sinfonia concertante in E-flat major, K.364/320d Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin Classical
Sinfonia for Cello and Continuo Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Cello Baroque
Sinfonietta, Op. 188 Joachim Raff Wind Ensemble Romantic
Symphoni No.5 Op.64, No.6 Op.74 Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky Orchestra Classical
Symphonie Fantastique, Op. 14 Hector Berlioz Orchestra Romantic
Symphonie Fantastique, Op. 14 Hector Berlioz Orchestra Romantic
Symphony in C, H. 659 Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach String Orchestra Classical
Symphony in D, H. 663 Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Orchestra Classical
Symphony in D minor César Franck Orchestra Late 19th century
Symphony in Dm César Franck Orchestra Late 19th century