Symphony music

A symphony is a multi movement piece of music, most often written for a large instrumental force. The term has varied in meaning since its origins in ancient Greece. During the Baroque period, the terms symphony and sinfonia (its equivalent in some romance languages) were used to describe several instrumental forms, usually part of larger works (such as three part inventions). During the 18th century, the term symphony was often interchangeable with the term 'overture'. In fact, the fast-slow-fast structure of the Italian overture, together with the sonata form, exerted a big influence on the development of the 'traditional' or Romantic symphony form, which ultimately came to be defined as: an opening allegro movement in sonata form, a slow movement, a dance movement, and a second fast movement, usually a rondo or a set of theme+variations. During the Romantic period composers experimented with variations on this layout, and included programmatic elements into their symphonic compositions.
TitleComposerInstrumentPeriodRatings
Symphony no. 5 in Cm, Op. 67 Ludwig van Beethoven Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 9 in E minor, 'From the New World' Op. 95 Antonín Dvořák Orchestra Late 19th century
Symphony no. 9 in Dm, Op. 125 Ludwig van Beethoven Choir and Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 6 in F 'Pastoral', Op. 68 Ludwig van Beethoven Orchestra Romantic
Symphonie Fantastique, Op. 14 Hector Berlioz Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 3 in Eb 'Eroica', Op. 55 Ludwig van Beethoven Orchestra Romantic
Symphony No. 3 in F Major, Op. 90 Johannes Brahms Orchestra Romantic
Symphony No. 4 in E Minor, Op. 98 Johannes Brahms Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 4 in A 'Italian', Op. 90 Felix Mendelssohn Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 6 in Bm "Pathétique", Op. 74 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Orchestra Late 19th century
Symphony no. 2 in Cm 'Resurrection' Gustav Mahler Orchestra Late 19th century
Symphony no. 3 'Scottish', Op. 56 Felix Mendelssohn Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 8, Op. 88 Antonín Dvořák Orchestra Late 19th century
Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64 Felix Mendelssohn Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra Romantic
Symphony No. 1 in C minor, Op. 68 Johannes Brahms Orchestra Romantic
Grande symphonie funebre et triomphale, Op. 15 Hector Berlioz Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 1 in D major Gustav Mahler Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 2 in D, Op. 73 Johannes Brahms Orchestra Romantic
Symphony no. 94 in G 'Surprise', H. I:94 Franz Joseph Haydn Orchestra Classical
Symphony no. 7 in A, Op. 92 Ludwig van Beethoven Orchestra Romantic
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Popular composers Johann Sebastian Bach  ·  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Franz Joseph Haydn  ·  Georg Friedrich Händel  ·  Christoph Graupner  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Various  ·  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ·  Richard Wagner  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Max Reger  ·  Tomaso Albinoni  ·  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ·  Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach  ·  Michel Rondeau  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Alexander Borodin  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  Muzio Clementi  ·  César Franck  ·  Charles Gounod  ·  Luigi Boccherini  ·  Gustav Mahler  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Max Bruch  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Johann Melchior Molter  ·  Anton Bruckner  ·  Anton Rubinstein  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Anton Arensky
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Clarinet  ·  Flute  ·  N/A  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo instrument and Continuo  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Wind Ensemble
Periods 20th Century  ·  21st Century  ·  Baroque  ·  Classical  ·  Early 20th Century  ·  Late 19th century  ·  Medieval  ·  Renaissance  ·  Romantic