Symphony music

A symphony is a multi movement piece of music, most often written for a large instrumental force. The term has varied in meaning since its origins in ancient Greece. During the Baroque period, the terms symphony and sinfonia (its equivalent in some romance languages) were used to describe several instrumental forms, usually part of larger works (such as three part inventions). During the 18th century, the term symphony was often interchangeable with the term 'overture'. In fact, the fast-slow-fast structure of the Italian overture, together with the sonata form, exerted a big influence on the development of the 'traditional' or Romantic symphony form, which ultimately came to be defined as: an opening allegro movement in sonata form, a slow movement, a dance movement, and a second fast movement, usually a rondo or a set of theme+variations. During the Romantic period composers experimented with variations on this layout, and included programmatic elements into their symphonic compositions.
Compositores destacados Johann Sebastian Bach  ·  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Franz Joseph Haydn  ·  Georg Friedrich Händel  ·  Christoph Graupner  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Various  ·  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ·  Richard Wagner  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Max Reger  ·  Tomaso Albinoni  ·  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ·  Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach  ·  Michel Rondeau  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Alexander Borodin  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  Muzio Clementi  ·  César Franck  ·  Charles Gounod  ·  Luigi Boccherini  ·  Gustav Mahler  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Max Bruch  ·  Anton Bruckner  ·  Johann Melchior Molter  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Anton Rubinstein  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Anton Arensky
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Clarinet  ·  Flute  ·  N/A  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo instrument and Continuo  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Wind Ensemble
Periods 20th Century  ·  21st Century  ·  Baroque  ·  Classical  ·  Early 20th Century  ·  Late 19th century  ·  Medieval  ·  Renaissance  ·  Romantic