Sonata music

A sonata is a work in three or four movements (rarely two, or more than four) for a single instrument or a small number of performers. The term evolved through the history of music, designating a variety of forms prior to the Classical era. By the early 19th century the word came to define a multi movement work, almost always including a first movement in the so called 'sonata form', a second movement of a slow, contrasting character; a dance for third movement, and a finale in a rondo, theme and variations, or sonata form. The term 'sonata form' refers to the layout of the first movement of a sonata, which confronts two main themes of different quality, develops them and then recapitulates. This soon became a basic principle in academic music writing. It was applied to many forms of large works, and, together with the fugue, defined the composition and musical analysis procedures for almost a century. Today it is still widely studied, and sonatas continued to be written, even if musical languages have changed.
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Popular composers Johann Sebastian Bach  ·  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Claude Debussy  ·  Franz Joseph Haydn  ·  Georg Friedrich Händel  ·  Christoph Graupner  ·  Antonio Vivaldi  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Maurice Ravel  ·  Domenico Scarlatti  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Various  ·  Richard Wagner  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Henry Purcell  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Béla Bartók  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Max Reger  ·  Tomaso Albinoni  ·  Georg Philipp Telemann  ·  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ·  Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach  ·  Michel Rondeau  ·  Niccolò Paganini  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Modest Mussorgsky  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  Muzio Clementi  ·  Dietrich Buxtehude  ·  César Franck  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Luigi Boccherini  ·  Jean Sibelius  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  César Cui
Instruments Bassoon  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Clarinet  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Harpsichord  ·  Lute  ·  Oboe  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Recorder  ·  Solo instrument and Continuo  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  String Trio  ·  Trumpet  ·  Viola  ·  Viola da gamba  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
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