Nocturne music

The term 'nocturne' as a designation for a music piece was first used in the 1700s, when it referred to a multi-movement piece for an instrumental ensemble, meant to be played at night (usually at events or parties) and then cast aside. Before that the term referred to the nocturnal religious services. The solo-instrument romantic nocturne as we know it was conceived during the 19th century. The first pieces titled as 'nocturne' were written by John Field, who defined the style of writing singable melodies over simple arpeggio accompaniments. The most famous exponent of the form, however, was Frédéric Chopin, who wrote 21 of them, redefining the nocturne as conceived by Field by taking it to a new level of harmonic complexity and emotional depth.
Popular composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Claude Debussy  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Erik Satie  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  César Franck  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Reynaldo Hahn  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Stephen Heller  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Pablo de Sarasate  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Ottorino Respighi  ·  Joachim Raff  ·  Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  ·  Mily Balakirev  ·  Julio Salvador Sagreras  ·  Manuel de Falla  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Sigismond Thalberg  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Friedrich Burgmüller  ·  Ferdinando Carulli  ·  Arthur Honegger  ·  Karol Szymanowski  ·  Ignaz Moscheles  ·  Richard Kram  ·  Franz Anton Hoffmeister  ·  Ferdinand Beyer  ·  Arnold Bax  ·  Charles-Auguste de Bériot  ·  Léon Boëllmann  ·  John Field  ·  Selim Palmgren  ·  Felix Blumenfeld  ·  Alba Rosa Viëtor  ·  Henri Bertini
Instruments Bassoon  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Periods 20th Century  ·  Baroque  ·  Classical  ·  Early 20th Century  ·  Late 19th century  ·  Romantic