Early 20th Century Music Recordings

The late 19th century saw the final expansion of post-romantic languages, with composers such as Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler pushing the boundaries of the functional tonality. Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel were at the same time developing what most authors call the impressionist style, which was to become one of the transitional movements into the music of the 20th century. The reaction to the exhaustion of the tonal system was a generalized break with it, which was carried in diverse ways by different composers at the beginning of the new century. Arnold Schoenberg developed atonality, and later he created the twelve tone system, though this may be considered as a continuation of the post-romantic spirit rather than a complete break with it. Other movements arose, such as futurism, expressionism, neoclassicism, experimentalism, etc. Some of the notable names of the early 20th century are: Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, Alban Ber, Igor Stravinsky, Jean Sibelius, Charles Ives, Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Isaac Albeniz, Filippo Marinetti, Bela Bartok, Leos Janacek.

Title Composer Form Instrument Ratings
Azerbaijan National Anthem Uzeyir Hajibeyov Anthem Solo voice(s)
Choral Hymns from the Rig Veda, Op. 26 Gustav Holst Anthem Choir
I Vow Thee, My Country Gustav Holst Anthem Organ
Julia Florida (Barcarolle) Agustin Barrios Mangore Barcarolle Guitar
Maxixe Agustin Barrios Mangore Barcarolle Guitar
Sanctus Giovanni Ocio Chorale Choir
Small Chorale Arrangements for Organ, Op. 8 no. 3 Hugo Distler Chorale Prelude Organ
Carol of the Bells Mykola Leontovych Christmas Carols Wind Ensemble
Ding Dong Merrily on High Charles Wood Christmas Carols Choir
Les noëls du jeune organiste J. de Montber Christmas Carols Organ
Romanian Christmas Carols, Sz. 57 Béla Bartók Christmas Carols Piano
Caruso Compilation Various Compilation Voice(s) and Orchestra
Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85 Edward Elgar Concerto Cello
Concerto Gregoriano Ottorino Respighi Concerto Clarinet
Piano Concerto for the Left Hand Maurice Ravel Concerto Piano and orchestra
Piano Concerto in G Maurice Ravel Concerto Piano
Piano Concerto no. 1, Op. 10 Sergei Prokofiev Concerto Piano and orchestra
Piano Concerto no. 2 in Cm, Op. 18 Sergei Rachmaninoff Concerto Orchestra
3 Old Viennese Dances Fritz Kreisler Dance Solo Instrument and Piano
Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite No.1 Ottorino Respighi Dance Orchestra
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Popular composers Various · Claude Debussy · Erik Satie · Maurice Ravel · Sergei Rachmaninoff · Camille Saint-Saëns · Béla Bartók · Gustav Holst · Gustav Mahler · Sergei Prokofiev · Igor Stravinsky · Edward Elgar · Jean Sibelius · Gabriel Fauré · Enrique Granados · Adolph Gluck · Chiquinha Gonzaga · Scott Joplin · Ottorino Respighi · Max Reger · Leoš Janáček · Anton Arensky · Ralph Vaughan Williams · Agustin Barrios Mangore · Jules Massenet · Alexander Scriabin · Cyril Scott · Albert Ketèlbey · Georges Hüe · Fritz Kreisler · Bohuslav Martinů · Frederick Delius · Giacomo Puccini · Ferruccio Busoni · Cécile Chaminade · Paul Dukas · Franz Schmidt · Mykola Leontovych · Kenneth J. Alford · George Whitefield Chadwick · Frank Bridge · Sigfrid Karg-Elert · Manuel de Falla · Alban Berg · Julio Salvador Sagreras · Ernesto Nazareth · George Enescu · Eugène Ysaÿe · Roy Agnew · František Alois Drdla
Instruments Cello · Chamber group · Choir · Clarinet · Flute · Guitar · Oboe · Open Instrumentation · Orchestra · Organ · Piano · Piano and orchestra · Solo Instrument and Piano · Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra · Solo voice(s) · String Orchestra · String Quartet · Violin · Voice(s) and Orchestra · Voice(s) and Piano · Wind Ensemble
Forms Anthem · Barcarolle · Chorale · Chorale Prelude · Christmas Carols · Compilation · Concerto · Dance · Etude · Fantasy · Funeral Music · Intermezzi · Lullaby/Berceuse · March · Mazurka · Medley · Minuet · Nocturne · Nonet · Opera / Operetta · Overture · Pavane · Piano piece · Piece · Prelude · Quartet · Quintet · Rag · Rhapsody · Romance · Sacred Mass · Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation · Sextet · Sonata · Sonatina · Song · Song Cycle · Suite · Symphonic Pieces · Symphonic Poem · Symphony · Tango · Theatrical / Incidental · Theme and Variations · Toccata · Transcription · Trio · Waltz