Early 20th Century music

The late 19th century saw the final expansion of post-romantic languages, with composers such as Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler pushing the boundaries of the functional tonality. Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel were at the same time developing what most authors call the impressionist style, which was to become one of the transitional movements into the music of the 20th century. The reaction to the exhaustion of the tonal system was a generalized break with it, which was carried in diverse ways by different composers at the beginning of the new century. Arnold Schoenberg developed atonality, and later he created the twelve tone system, though this may be considered as a continuation of the post-romantic spirit rather than a complete break with it. Other movements arose, such as futurism, expressionism, neoclassicism, experimentalism, etc. Some of the notable names of the early 20th century are: Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, Alban Ber, Igor Stravinsky, Jean Sibelius, Charles Ives, Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Isaac Albeniz, Filippo Marinetti, Bela Bartok, Leos Janacek.
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Popular composers Claude Debussy  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Maurice Ravel  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Various  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Erik Satie  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Béla Bartók  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Max Reger  ·  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ·  Gustav Holst  ·  Agustin Barrios Mangore  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Modest Mussorgsky  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  César Franck  ·  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ·  Jean Sibelius  ·  Enrique Granados  ·  Scott Joplin  ·  Gustav Mahler  ·  George Gershwin  ·  Reynaldo Hahn  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Arthur Sullivan  ·  Anton Arensky  ·  Fritz Kreisler  ·  Ottorino Respighi  ·  Arthur Foote  ·  Sigfrid Karg-Elert  ·  Gabriel Pierné  ·  Édouard Lalo  ·  Florent Schmitt  ·  Charles Villiers Stanford  ·  Arnold Schoenberg  ·  Charles-Marie Widor  ·  Théodore Dubois  ·  Mily Balakirev  ·  Manuel de Falla  ·  George Whitefield Chadwick  ·  Julio Salvador Sagreras  ·  Albert Ketèlbey  ·  Johan Halvorsen  ·  Frank Bridge
Instruments Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Clarinet  ·  Erhu  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Horn  ·  Lute  ·  N/A  ·  Oboe  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Pipa  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  String Trio  ·  Trombone  ·  Tuba  ·  Viola  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Forms Anthem  ·  Aria / Arietta  ·  Bagatelle  ·  Ballade  ·  Ballet  ·  Barcarolle  ·  Books  ·  Canon  ·  Cantata  ·  Canzona  ·  Caprice  ·  Chaconne  ·  Chorale  ·  Chorale Prelude  ·  Christmas Carols  ·  Compilation  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Duet  ·  Etude  ·  Fanfare  ·  Fantasy  ·  Foxtrot  ·  Fugue  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Gavotte  ·  Impromptu  ·  Intermezzi  ·  Lullaby/Berceuse  ·  Madrigal  ·  March  ·  Mazurka  ·  Medley  ·  Mélodie  ·  Melodrama  ·  Minuet  ·  Motet  ·  Nocturne  ·  Nonet  ·  Octet  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Oratorio  ·  Overture  ·  Partita  ·  Pavane  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Polka  ·  Prelude  ·  Prelude (or other movement) and Fugue  ·  Quartet  ·  Quintet  ·  Rag  ·  Rhapsody  ·  Romance  ·  Rondo  ·  Sacred Mass  ·  Saraband  ·  Scherzo  ·  Septet  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sextet  ·  Sicilienne  ·  Sonata  ·  Sonatina  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Suite  ·  Symphonic Pieces  ·  Symphonic Poem  ·  Symphony  ·  Tango  ·  Theatrical / Incidental  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Toccata  ·  Transcription  ·  Trio  ·  Variable  ·  Waltz