20th Century music

The second half of the 20th century was void of a dominant style in music composition. The aftermath of WWII, the advances in terms of recording and information technology, and the global political and economic context all played a role in the rise of new artistic and musical movements. Indeterminacy and chance (which had been championed by Charles Ives) rose as techniques and were adapted by the so-called New York School (John Cage, Christian Wolff, Morton Feldman). Electronic music and musique concreté redifined the potential of every sound as musical material. Minimalism challenged the narrative characterization of music, and, in general terms, most of the trends questioned, at one point of other, the traditional definitions of 'composer', 'performer', 'audience', etc. Popular and academic music influenced each other like never before in history, and the line between them became undefinable in some cases.
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Popular composers Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Various  ·  John Philip Sousa  ·  Max Reger  ·  Leroy Anderson  ·  Pietro Yon  ·  Arvo Pärt  ·  Massimiliano Pascucci  ·  Aram Chatschaturjan  ·  Paul Arden-Taylor  ·  Arturo Toscanini  ·  Ernesto Lecuona  ·  Charles Culbreth  ·  Goff Richards  ·  Bruno Bettinelli  ·  Irving Berlin  ·  Frank Ticheli  ·  Emin Aristakesyan  ·  Alexander Russell  ·  Gordon Young  ·  Hideaki Shichida  ·  Aaron Dunn  ·  Lester Trimble  ·  Frank Pelleg  ·  Maurice Depret  ·  J. Keirn Brennan-Ernest R. Ball  ·  Gus Edwards  ·  Hazel M. Lockwood - Lee W. Lockwood  ·  Hope-Woodforde Finden  ·  Robert Burns - Liza Lehmann  ·  Alana Ashtore  ·  Harford - Marshall  ·  Joseph H. Santly  ·  Lena Guilbert Ford - Ivor Novello  ·  Adrian Rose-Lao Silésu  ·  Tom Woottwell  ·  Otto Harbach - Louis A. Hirsch  ·  Harold Robe - Lieut. Gitz Rice  ·  Eileen Newton - Arthur F. Tate  ·  B. G. DeSylva - James I. Hanley  ·  Alfred Dubin - Arthur S. Sullivan  ·  Davis-Berlin  ·  Raymond Wallace-Maurice L. Head  ·  Olcott - Graff - Ball  ·  Fred E. Weatherly - Haydn Wood  ·  Sidney D. Mitchell-Seymour B. Simons  ·  Rowe-Macmurrough  ·  Reginald De Koven  ·  Chauncey Olcott and Ernest Ball
Instruments Accordion  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Wind Ensemble
Forms Cantata  ·  Compilation  ·  Concerto  ·  Fugue  ·  Madrigal  ·  March  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Sacred Mass  ·  Sonata  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Suite  ·  Symphony  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Transcription  ·  Waltz