20th Century music

The second half of the 20th century was void of a dominant style in music composition. The aftermath of WWII, the advances in terms of recording and information technology, and the global political and economic context all played a role in the rise of new artistic and musical movements. Indeterminacy and chance (which had been championed by Charles Ives) rose as techniques and were adapted by the so-called New York School (John Cage, Christian Wolff, Morton Feldman). Electronic music and musique concreté redifined the potential of every sound as musical material. Minimalism challenged the narrative characterization of music, and, in general terms, most of the trends questioned, at one point of other, the traditional definitions of 'composer', 'performer', 'audience', etc. Popular and academic music influenced each other like never before in history, and the line between them became undefinable in some cases.
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Popular composers Claude Debussy  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Various  ·  John Philip Sousa  ·  Max Reger  ·  Michel Rondeau  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Leroy Anderson  ·  Daniel Léo Simpson  ·  Gabriel Pierné  ·  Florent Schmitt  ·  Alessandro Rolla  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Bohuslav Martinů  ·  Albert Roussel  ·  Arthur Honegger  ·  Richard Kram  ·  Joaquín Turina  ·  Jacques Ibert  ·  Alba Rosa Viëtor  ·  Anton Webern  ·  Manuel Alejandre Prada  ·  David Toub  ·  Robert G. Patterson  ·  Joseph Canteloube  ·  Herbert Straus Gardner  ·  Mark Alburger  ·  André Caplet  ·  Şafak Alıcıoğlu  ·  Julián Santos Carrión  ·  Louis Sauter  ·  Pietro Yon  ·  Louis Armstrong  ·  Zequinha Abreu  ·  Arvo Pärt  ·  Maarten Smit  ·  Massimiliano Pascucci  ·  Alain Lefébure  ·  Blas María de Colomer  ·  André Ernest Modeste Grétry  ·  Lee Eitzen  ·  Ian Keith Harris  ·  Aram Chatschaturjan  ·  Paul Arden-Taylor  ·  Arturo Toscanini  ·  Ernesto Lecuona  ·  Jehan Alain  ·  Pedro Miguel Abreu  ·  Bruno Bettinelli
Instruments Accordion  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Harpsichord  ·  Horn  ·  N/A  ·  Oboe  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  Trumpet  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Forms Anthem  ·  Aria / Arietta  ·  Ballade  ·  Ballet  ·  Barcarolle  ·  Books  ·  Canon  ·  Cantata  ·  Caprice  ·  Chaconne  ·  Chorale  ·  Chorale Prelude  ·  Christmas Carols  ·  Compilation  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Duet  ·  Etude  ·  Fanfare  ·  Fantasy  ·  Fugue  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Gavotte  ·  Impromptu  ·  Intermezzi  ·  Invention  ·  Lullaby/Berceuse  ·  Madrigal  ·  March  ·  Melodrama  ·  Minuet  ·  Musette  ·  Nocturne  ·  Octet  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Overture  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Prelude  ·  Prelude (or other movement) and Fugue  ·  Quartet  ·  Quintet  ·  Rhapsody  ·  Romance  ·  Rondo  ·  Sacred Mass  ·  Saraband  ·  Scherzo  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sextet  ·  Sonata  ·  Sonatina  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Suite  ·  Symphonic Pieces  ·  Symphonic Poem  ·  Symphony  ·  Tango  ·  Theatrical / Incidental  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Toccata  ·  Transcription  ·  Trio  ·  Waltz