The Viola da Gamba, also called Viol, is a family of bowed, fretted, and stringued instruments that were very popular duyring the Baroque and Renaissance periods. Although some viols may resemble cellos, they are different from instruments of the violin family: their backs are flat rather tan curved, they feature C holes instead of F holes, and have, in general, more than five strings. Additionally, they employ a different tuning ssystem: in fourths with a third in the middle -like a lute- rather than in fifths. They have marked frets and are usually played using an underhand bow grip.
|Popular composers||Johann Sebastian Bach · Georg Friedrich Händel · Georg Philipp Telemann · Marin Marais · Carl Friedrich Abel · Johann Melchior Molter · Johann Gottlieb Graun · Jean-Baptiste Barrière · Louis de Caix d'Hervelois · Antoine Forqueray · Charles Dollé|
|Periods||Baroque · Classical|
|Forms||Concerto · Duet · Piece · Sonata · Suite|