Symphonic Poem music

A symphonic poem, or tone poem, is a single movement piece written for large orchestral forces, conceived to evoke the contents of a non musical source (for example a painting, or a text). The genre reconciles drama and music without actually employing sung or spoken text. Symphonic poems come from the perceived stagnation of the traditional symphony form: after the immense success of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, many composers turned to shorter forms, like the concert overture. This allowed them to continue compose in a symphonic language while still avoiding to be perceived as 'under the shadow' of Beethoven's work. The genre also lent itself to extra-musical narration. Franz Liszt took this a step further and came up with a new form that allowed him to write pieces as complex as a Symphony's first movement, yet displaying a stronger structural cohesion and reflecting an extra musical program. He made use of the cyclic writing and thematic development methods, found in some of Beethoven's work. This form was quickly adopted by composer, and remained popular until the 20th century, when the rejection of Romantic ideals caused a steep decline in its popularity.
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Popular composers Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ·  Richard Wagner  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Béla Bartók  ·  Max Reger  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Alexander Borodin  ·  Modest Mussorgsky  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  César Franck  ·  Jean Sibelius  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Bedřich Smetana  ·  George Gershwin  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Max Bruch  ·  Edward MacDowell  ·  Henri Duparc  ·  Ottorino Respighi  ·  Gabriel Pierné  ·  Florent Schmitt  ·  Arnold Schoenberg  ·  Mily Balakirev  ·  Manuel de Falla  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Bohuslav Martinů  ·  Albert Roussel  ·  Anatoly Lyadov  ·  Arthur Honegger  ·  Frederick Delius  ·  Carl Nielsen  ·  Eugène Ysaÿe  ·  Joaquín Turina  ·  Arnold Bax  ·  Ernest Chausson  ·  Jacques Ibert  ·  Paul Dukas  ·  Louis Vierne  ·  Franz Berwald  ·  Ernest Bloch  ·  Hugo Wolf  ·  Ruggiero Leoncavallo  ·  Joseph Canteloube
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra
Periods 20th Century  ·  21st Century  ·  Early 20th Century  ·  Late 19th century  ·  Romantic