Madrigal music

The madrigal is a form of secular vocal music, that arose in Italy during the early 16th century. It differed from most of the strophic musical forms of the time in that it was fully written out, with the composer attempting to convey the emotions contained in each line of poem though the use of musical resources. Madrigals are traditionally written for three to eight voices, and initially they were without accompaniment. Claudio Monteverdi wrote nine books of madrigals which not only define the form, but also experiment with it: he wrote madrigals with solo parts for voice, accompanied by continuo, including recitative passages and foreshadowing the eventual absorption of the solo madrigal into the aria. During the early 1600's, the madrigal ceased to be a purely a capella composition. Composers included instrumental lines, continuo accompaniment, and a progressive exaltation of the importance of the soprano and bass lines, which was in line with the rise of functional tonality.
Popular composers Gabriel Fauré  ·  Various  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Agustin Barrios Mangore  ·  Claudio Monteverdi  ·  Girolamo Frescobaldi  ·  Giovanni Palestrina  ·  Orlande de Lassus  ·  Josquin Des prez  ·  Heinrich Schütz  ·  Ludwig Senfl  ·  Thomas Morley  ·  Giovanni Gabrieli  ·  Bohuslav Martinů  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Albert Roussel  ·  Orlando Gibbons  ·  Peter Cornelius  ·  Antonio Caldara  ·  Hans Leo Hassler  ·  Adriano Banchieri  ·  Antonio Lotti  ·  Orazio Vecchi  ·  Jacob Arcadelt  ·  Nicola Antonio Porpora  ·  Giovanni Croce  ·  Herbert Straus Gardner  ·  Adrian Willaert  ·  Alfonso Ferrabosco Sr.  ·  František Alois Drdla  ·  Louis Aubert  ·  Thomas Weelkes  ·  Carlo Gesualdo  ·  Cipriano de Rore  ·  Frederick Brandeis  ·  Charles Bordes  ·  Giammateo Asola  ·  Felice Anerio  ·  John Wilbye  ·  Steffano Bernardi  ·  Alfonso Ferrabosco Jr.  ·  Antonio Cifra  ·  Paolo Quagliati  ·  Bruno Bettinelli  ·  John Ward  ·  Giulio Caccini  ·  Girolamo Dalla Casa  ·  Charles Mortimer Wiske  ·  Thomas Bateson  ·  John Bennet
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Guitar  ·  Lute  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  String Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Periods 20th Century  ·  21st Century  ·  Baroque  ·  Early 20th Century  ·  Late 19th century  ·  Medieval  ·  Renaissance  ·  Romantic