Fugue Music Recordings and Sheet Music

The term 'fugue' refers to both a contrapuntal composition technique and a musical form derived from it. It is constructed on a theme or melody (subject) that is introduced at the beginning of the piece by the first voice, and is subsequently taken by other voices in imitation. The interplay between subject and the counter-subjects and/or free counterpoint in the remaning voices makes up the exposition of the fugue, which recurs a number of times in different keys and modes. The expositions are separated by episodes, which consist of modulatory material based on elements heard of the exposition. The term fugue comes from the latin fugere -to flee- and fugare -to chase. While in the middle ages the term was used to refer to any work following a canonic procedure, during the Renaissance and Baroque periods it came to denote the fully developed procedure of imitative counterpoint. Johann Sebastian Bach, whose pieces are studied as the cenit of the art of fugal writing, modeled his work after the fugues by Buxtehude and Frescobaldi. The textural simplification brought about by the Classical period meant the rise of other procedures and forms, such as the sonata or the symphony. The pure fugue was somewhat abandoned, though composers such as Mozart and Beethoven continued to study the art of fugue and write whole sections of important works using that technique. The term 'fughetta' refers to a short fugue, while 'fugato' refers to a fugal-like section inside of a work which is not stricly a fugue.

Title Composer Instrument Period Ratings
2 Fughe per Cembalo Girolamo Frescobaldi Harpsichord Renaissance
2 Fugues in E-flat major, K.deest Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Classical
2 Fugues, Op.41 Anatoly Lyadov Piano Romantic
2 Fugues with 3 Subjects, Op.4 John Zundel Organ Romantic
2 Schulfugen Max Reger Piano Romantic
3 Fugues Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka Piano Romantic
3 Fugues, Op.7 Johann Nepomuk Hummel Piano Classical
3 Fugues, Op.28 Anton Beer-Walbrunn Organ Romantic
3 Keyboard Fugues Carl Friedrich Baumgarten Organ Classical
4 Fugues, Op.72 Robert Schumann Piano Romantic
5 Fugen, Op.95 Karl Adolf Lorenz Piano Romantic
5 Fugues et un Quatuor sur le Kyrie Jean-Henri D'Anglebert Organ Baroque
6 Fuge per l'Organo e 6 Sonate per il Cembalo Fortunato Chelleri Organ Baroque
6 Fughettas, Op.1 Carl Maria von Weber Piano Romantic
6 Fugues Nicola Antonio Porpora Organ Baroque
6 Fugues Gregor Joseph Werner String Quartet Baroque
6 Fugues for Organ Johann Baptist Vanhal Organ Romantic
6 Fugues, HWV 605-610 Georg Friedrich Händel Piano Baroque
6 Fugues on B.A.C.H., Op.60 Robert Schumann Organ Romantic
6 Fugues, Op.8 Johann Georg Albrechtsberger Organ Classical
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Popular composers Ludwig van Beethoven · Johann Sebastian Bach · Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart · Frédéric Chopin · Franz Schubert · Various · Georg Friedrich Händel · Edvard Grieg · Johannes Brahms · Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov · Johann Pachelbel · Robert Schumann · Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach · Hector Berlioz · Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka · Bedřich Smetana · Georg Philipp Telemann · Max Reger · Paul Arden-Taylor · Charles-Valentin Alkan · Dietrich Buxtehude · Alexander Scriabin · Carl Czerny · Carl Maria von Weber · Anton Reicha · Michel Rondeau · Mauro Giuliani · Johann Gottfried Walther · Johann Baptist Vanhal · Johann Christian Bach · Alessandro Scarlatti · Johann Nepomuk Hummel · Domenico Zipoli · Claude-Bénigne Balbastre · Girolamo Frescobaldi · Benedetto Marcello · Wilhelm Friedemann Bach · Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer · Josef Gabriel Rheinberger · Gabriel Pierné · Josquin Des prez · Johann Christoph Bach · Johann Georg Albrechtsberger · Anatoly Lyadov · Nicola Antonio Porpora · Henry Cohen · Heinrich Bach · Thomas Attwood · Francesco Maria Veracini · Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier
Instruments Cello · Chamber group · Choir · Guitar · Harpsichord · Lute · Open Instrumentation · Organ · Piano · Piano 4 hands · Piano and orchestra · Solo Instrument and Piano · String Quartet · Wind Ensemble
Periods 20th Century · 21st Century · Baroque · Classical · Early 20th Century · Late 19th century · Renaissance · Romantic