Romantic music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
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Compositeurs à l'affiche Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Johann Strauss Jr  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Various  ·  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ·  John Philip Sousa  ·  Richard Wagner  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Giuseppe Verdi  ·  Max Reger  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Niccolò Paganini  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  Alexander Borodin  ·  Modest Mussorgsky  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Dietrich Buxtehude  ·  César Franck  ·  Charles Gounod  ·  Léo Delibes  ·  Enrique Granados  ·  Scott Joplin  ·  Gustav Mahler  ·  César Cui  ·  Moritz Moszkowski  ·  Jacques Offenbach  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Bedřich Smetana  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Stephen Heller  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Max Bruch
Instruments Bassoon  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Clarinet  ·  Double bass  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Horn  ·  N/A  ·  Oboe  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  String Trio  ·  Viola  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Forms Anthem  ·  Bagatelle  ·  Ballade  ·  Ballet  ·  Barcarolle  ·  Books  ·  Canon  ·  Cantata  ·  Caprice  ·  Chorale  ·  Chorale Prelude  ·  Christmas Carols  ·  Compilation  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Duet  ·  Etude  ·  Fantasy  ·  Fugue  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Galop  ·  Impromptu  ·  Intermezzi  ·  Lullaby/Berceuse  ·  March  ·  Mazurka  ·  Melodrama  ·  Nocturne  ·  Octet  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Oratorio  ·  Overture  ·  Pavane  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Polonaise  ·  Prelude  ·  Prelude (or other movement) and Fugue  ·  Quartet  ·  Quintet  ·  Rag  ·  Rhapsody  ·  Romance  ·  Rondo  ·  Sacred Mass  ·  Scherzo  ·  Septet  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sextet  ·  Sonata  ·  Sonatina  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Suite  ·  Symphonic Pieces  ·  Symphonic Poem  ·  Symphony  ·  Theatrical / Incidental  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Toccata  ·  Transcription  ·  Trio  ·  Variable  ·  Waltz