Alexis Emmanuel Chabrier was a French romantic composer and pianist. Although known primarily for two of his orchestral works, España and Joyeuse marche, he left an important corpus of operas, songs, and piano music. These works, gained him the admiration of composers as diverse as Debussy, Ravel, Richard Strauss, Satie, Schmitt, and Stravinsky, and the French Six. Stravinsky alluded to España in his ballet Petrushka, Ravel wrote that the opening bars of Le roi malgré lui changed the course of harmony in France, Poulenc wrote a biography of the composer, and Richard Strauss conducted the premiere of Briséïs. Chabrier was also associated with some of the leading writers and painters of his time, especially with painters Claude Monet and Édouard Manet, and collected a considerable number of paintings.