The Symphony no. 3 in F major, Op. 90 by Johannes Brahms was written in 1883 at Wiesbaden, and premiered that same year by the Vienna Philharmonic. The symphony was well received, and although Wagner had died earlier that year, the public feud between Brahms and him had not yet subsided. Wagner enthusiasts tried to interfere with the symphony's premiere, and the conflict between the two factions nearly brought about a duel. After each performance, Brahms polished his score further, until it was published in 1884. The shortest of Brahms' four symphonies, a typical performance lasts 30-40 minutes, and it is scored two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, a contrabassoon, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, and strings. The piece makes use of the F-A-F (Frei aber froh, free but happy) theme, a play on Joseph Joachim's motto F-A-E (Frei aber einsam, free but lonely).