España, rhapsody for orchestra (rapsodie pour orchestre in its original French) is a work by Emmanuel Chabrier, written and premiered in 1883 and dedicated to conductor Charles Lamoreux. The piece had its source of inspiration in a trip to Spain that Chabrier took with his wife in 1882. While visiting, he learned about the local folk genres, and returned with the idea of working on a voluptuous and powerful piece evoking them. The piece, originally called Jota and later titled Spain, received excellent reviews, and some considered it started the Spanish-flavored music trend that culminated with Debussy's Iberia. The score asks for 1 flute, 1 piccolo, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in Bb, 4 bassoons, 2 horns in F, 2 natural horns in C, 2 trumpets, 2 piston cornets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, various percussions, and two harps. A standard performance lasts about 6 minutes.