The Classical period of Western academic music is usually accepted to range from around 1750 to the late 1810's. It followed from the Baroque period and was in turn succeeded by the Romantic era. Music became generally lighter in terms of textural density, emphasizing elegance in place of the Baroque's serious and dramatic delivery. This resulted in a clearer tonal structure emerging from compositions. Though the style became arguably less passionate, the use of contrast became more pronounced than before. Instrumental music gained importance, and the orchestra grew in size and consolidated, approximating its modern form. The harpsichord was eventually replaced by the pianoforte, and many solo and chamber genres emerged, of which the sonata developed the most. In general terms, the Classical period can be defined as the time when most of the modern musical concepts consolidated. The best known composers from this period are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Schubert; other notable names include Muzio Clementi, Antonio Salieri, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, and Christoph Willibald Gluck. Beethoven, and sometimes Schubert, have been traditionally regarded as transitional figures between the Classical and Romantic periods. The term 'classical music' is often used colloquially to define all Western academic music.

标题 作曲者 形式 乐器
Das Kaiserlied, Hob.XXVIa:43 Franz Joseph Haydn Anthem Voice(s) and Piano
4 Arietten und ein Duett, Op.82 Ludwig van Beethoven Aria / Arietta Voice(s) and Piano
Dans un bois solitaire, K.308/295b Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Aria / Arietta Voice(s) and Piano
In questa tomba oscura Emanuel Aloys Förster Aria / Arietta Voice(s) and Piano
L'enfant prodigue Pierre Gaveaux Aria / Arietta Voice(s) and Piano
Oiseaux, si tous les ans, K.307/K.284d Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Aria / Arietta Voice(s) and Piano
3 Balladen, Op.3 Carl Loewe Ballade Voice(s) and Piano
4 Balladen, Op.99 Carl Loewe Ballade Voice(s) and Piano
Ritter Toggenburg Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg Ballade Voice(s) and Piano
The Power of Innocence Tommaso Giordani Ballade Voice(s) and Piano
Anleitung zur Singecomposition, mit 53 Oden Johann Philipp Kirnberger Books Voice(s) and Piano
Arianna a Naxos, Hob.XXVIb:2 Franz Joseph Haydn Cantata Voice(s) and Piano
Die ihr des unermeßlichen Weltalls, K.619 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Cantata Voice(s) and Piano
6 Canzonette, Op.10 Carl August Cannabich Canzona Voice(s) and Piano
6 Canzoni, Op.9 Friedrich Kuhlau Canzona Voice(s) and Piano
A Collection of Vocal Harmony Thomas Warren Compilation Voice(s) and Piano
Gems of English Harmony John Whitaker Compilation Voice(s) and Piano
The German Erato Various Compilation Voice(s) and Piano
3 Duettini, Op.6 Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel Duet Voice(s) and Piano
Nuovi solfeggi progressivi Girolamo Crescentini Etude Voice(s) and Piano