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L'incoronazione di Poppea (SV 308, The Coronation of Poppaea) is an opera in three acts written by Claudio Monteverdi, with an Italian libretto by Giovanni Francesco Busenello. It was premiered at the St. John and Paul's Theater in Venice in 1643, and it is usually considered to by one of the first operas to include historial events and people in its plot: it tells the story of Poppae, mistress of Roman emperor Nero. The libretto departs from traditional morality: eventually the adulterous and morally compromised Poppea and Nero triumph, even if their victory is shown to be hollow and transitory. The success of the opera established Monteverdi as the leading composer of his time, although later it was largely forgotten. The rediscovery of the score in 1888 brought a new wave of interest in the opera, and since then it has been regularly performed. There is no original manuscript: there two copies from the 1650s which differ significantly from each other.