Motet Sheet Music

'Motet' is a term used to define a type of choral composition. Throughout time, the term has described different types of choral pieces. It is believed that motets first appeared during the 13th century from certain sequences in liturgical music. The practice of discant over a cantus firmus became the basis for counterpoint in academic Western musical tradition, and from this practice arose the first medieval secular motets. These were compositions for several voices, usually employing different texts in vernacular languages (sometimes more than one language), sung over a cantus firmus adopted from a Gregorian chant. In the late Middle Ages the isorhythmic motet was the norm: repetitive rhythmic patterns were used throughout all the voices. A complex style arose eventually, with the cantus firmus being extended to great lengths, its rhythmic variations no longer evident. During the Renaisance the motet came to be redifined as we know it today. It consisted of a choral polyphonic setting in Latin, sometimes employing imitative counterpoint. The texts used were, in general, was not particular to any liturgical moment, and therefore usable in any service. The motet came to be a form very similar to the madrigal: in fact, many argue that the main difference between motets and madrigals during the Renaissance is merely the purpose of their composition and the language they employ (motets being written in Latin, madrigals in vernacular languages). Of course there were also secular motets and sacred madrigals, blurring the limits of these forms even more.

Title Composer Instrument Period
2 Marian Motets Ludwig Senfl Choir Renaissance
2 Motets, Op.29 Johannes Brahms Voice(s) and Piano Romantic
2 Motets, Op.74 Johannes Brahms Choir and Instrument Romantic
3 Evangelic Motets Josquin Des prez Choir Renaissance
3 Grands Motets Pascal Collasse Voice(s) and Orchestra Baroque
3 Motets Giovanni Gabrieli Solo voice(s) Renaissance
3 Motets Josquin Des prez Choir Renaissance
3 Motets Jacobus Clemens non Papa Choir Renaissance
3 Motets Adrian Willaert Choir Renaissance
3 Motets and a Madrigal Gioseffo Zarlino Solo voice(s) Renaissance
3 Motets II Giovanni Gabrieli Solo voice(s) Baroque
3 Motets, Op. 12 Ernest Chausson Voice(s) and Instruments Late 19th century
3 Motets, Op.38 Charles Villiers Stanford Choir Romantic
3 Motets, Op.39 Felix Mendelssohn Voice(s) and Instruments Romantic
3 Motets, Op.55 Carl Nielsen Choir Early 20th Century
3 Motets, Op.69 Felix Mendelssohn Choir Romantic
3 Motets, Op.110 Johannes Brahms Voice(s) and Piano Romantic
4 Choral-Motetten, Op.102 Heinrich von Herzogenberg Choir Romantic
4 German Motets Christoph Demantius Solo voice(s) Renaissance
4 Motets Josquin Des prez Solo voice(s) Renaissance