Fugue Sheet Music

The term 'fugue' refers to both a contrapuntal composition technique and a musical form derived from it. It is constructed on a theme or melody (subject) that is introduced at the beginning of the piece by the first voice, and is subsequently taken by other voices in imitation. The interplay between subject and the counter-subjects and/or free counterpoint in the remaning voices makes up the exposition of the fugue, which recurs a number of times in different keys and modes. The expositions are separated by episodes, which consist of modulatory material based on elements heard of the exposition. The term fugue comes from the latin fugere -to flee- and fugare -to chase. While in the middle ages the term was used to refer to any work following a canonic procedure, during the Renaissance and Baroque periods it came to denote the fully developed procedure of imitative counterpoint. Johann Sebastian Bach, whose pieces are studied as the cenit of the art of fugal writing, modeled his work after the fugues by Buxtehude and Frescobaldi. The textural simplification brought about by the Classical period meant the rise of other procedures and forms, such as the sonata or the symphony. The pure fugue was somewhat abandoned, though composers such as Mozart and Beethoven continued to study the art of fugue and write whole sections of important works using that technique. The term 'fughetta' refers to a short fugue, while 'fugato' refers to a fugal-like section inside of a work which is not stricly a fugue.

Title Composer Instrument Period
Fugue in F major Johann Pachelbel Organ Baroque
Fugue in F major Daniel Léo Simpson Organ 20th Century
Fugue in F major Benedetto Marcello Organ Baroque
Fugue in F major Justinus a Desponsatione Beatae Mariae Virginis Organ Baroque
Fugue in F major Johann Gottfried Walther Organ Baroque
Fugue in F major, BWV Anh.42 Johann Sebastian Bach Organ Baroque
Fugue in F major, K.375h Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Classical
Fugue in F major, K.Anh.33 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Classical
Fugue in F minor Alessandro Scarlatti Chamber group Baroque
Fugue in F minor Charles Burney Organ Classical
Fugue in F minor for String Quartet, EG 114 Edvard Grieg String Quartet Romantic
Fugue in F-sharp minor for Four-Hands Daniel Léo Simpson Piano 4 hands 20th Century
Fugue in G-flat major, BWV Anh.102 Johann Sebastian Bach Piano Baroque
Fugue in G major Johann Pachelbel Organ Baroque
Fugue in G major Johann Georg Albrechtsberger Organ Classical
Fugue in G major Giuseppe Bencini Organ Baroque
Fugue in G major Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer Organ Baroque
Fugue in G major, BuxWV 175 Dietrich Buxtehude Organ Baroque
Fugue in G major, BWV 576 Johann Sebastian Bach Organ Baroque
Fugue in G major, BWV 577 Johann Sebastian Bach Organ Baroque
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Popular composers Ludwig van Beethoven · Johann Sebastian Bach · Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart · Frédéric Chopin · Franz Schubert · Various · Georg Friedrich Händel · Edvard Grieg · Johannes Brahms · Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov · Johann Pachelbel · Robert Schumann · Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach · Hector Berlioz · Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka · Bedřich Smetana · Georg Philipp Telemann · Max Reger · Charles-Valentin Alkan · Dietrich Buxtehude · Alexander Scriabin · Carl Czerny · Carl Maria von Weber · Anton Reicha · Michel Rondeau · Mauro Giuliani · Johann Gottfried Walther · Johann Baptist Vanhal · Johann Christian Bach · Alessandro Scarlatti · Johann Nepomuk Hummel · Domenico Zipoli · Claude-Bénigne Balbastre · Girolamo Frescobaldi · Benedetto Marcello · Wilhelm Friedemann Bach · Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer · Josef Gabriel Rheinberger · Gabriel Pierné · Josquin Des prez · Johann Christoph Bach · Johann Georg Albrechtsberger · Anatoly Lyadov · Nicola Antonio Porpora · Henry Cohen · Heinrich Bach · Thomas Attwood · Francesco Maria Veracini · Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier · Oreste Ravanello
Instruments Cello · Chamber group · Choir · Guitar · Harpsichord · Lute · Open Instrumentation · Organ · Piano · Piano 4 hands · Piano and orchestra · Solo Instrument and Piano · String Quartet · Wind Ensemble
Periods 20th Century · 21st Century · Baroque · Classical · Early 20th Century · Late 19th century · Renaissance · Romantic