Fugue Sheet Music

The term 'fugue' refers to both a contrapuntal composition technique and a musical form derived from it. It is constructed on a theme or melody (subject) that is introduced at the beginning of the piece by the first voice, and is subsequently taken by other voices in imitation. The interplay between subject and the counter-subjects and/or free counterpoint in the remaning voices makes up the exposition of the fugue, which recurs a number of times in different keys and modes. The expositions are separated by episodes, which consist of modulatory material based on elements heard of the exposition. The term fugue comes from the latin fugere -to flee- and fugare -to chase. While in the middle ages the term was used to refer to any work following a canonic procedure, during the Renaissance and Baroque periods it came to denote the fully developed procedure of imitative counterpoint. Johann Sebastian Bach, whose pieces are studied as the cenit of the art of fugal writing, modeled his work after the fugues by Buxtehude and Frescobaldi. The textural simplification brought about by the Classical period meant the rise of other procedures and forms, such as the sonata or the symphony. The pure fugue was somewhat abandoned, though composers such as Mozart and Beethoven continued to study the art of fugue and write whole sections of important works using that technique. The term 'fughetta' refers to a short fugue, while 'fugato' refers to a fugal-like section inside of a work which is not stricly a fugue.

Title Composer Instrument Period
Fugue on a Trumpet Fanfare William Thomas Best Organ Romantic
Fugue on B-A-C-H Wilhelm Conradi Organ Romantic
Fugue on Erbarm dich mein, o Herre Gott Heinrich Bach Organ Baroque
Fugue (on the theme 'B-A-C-H') in C major, BWV Anh.107 Johann Sebastian Bach Piano Baroque
Fugue (on the theme 'B-A-C-H') in C major, BWV Anh.108 Johann Sebastian Bach Piano Baroque
Fugue (on the theme 'B-A-C-H') in C minor, BWV Anh.110 Johann Sebastian Bach Piano Baroque
Fugue (on the theme 'B-A-C-H') in G minor, BWV Anh.109 Johann Sebastian Bach Piano Baroque
Fugue on the Theme La-Do-Fa Anatoly Lyadov Piano Romantic
Fugue, Op.3 Gabriel Pierné Organ Romantic
Fugue pour orgue Guillaume Couture Organ Romantic
Fugue pour Orgue Nicolas-Joseph Wackenthaler Organ Romantic
Fugues Johann Pachelbel Organ Baroque
Fugues et Caprices François Roberday Organ Baroque
Fugues légères & petits jeux, TWV 30:21-26 Georg Philipp Telemann Piano Baroque
Fuguette sur L'Ave Maris Stella Abel Decaux Organ Early 20th Century
Grand Fugue, Op. 133 Ludwig van Beethoven String Quartet Romantic
Herzlich lieb hab ich dich, o Herr Johann Alberti Organ Baroque
Impromptu Fugué, Op.776 Carl Czerny Piano Romantic
Inleiding en fuga over een Russisch thema, Op.47 Johan Wagenaar Organ Early 20th Century
Introduction and Fugue in D major Henry Stephen Cutler Organ Romantic
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Instruments Cello · Chamber group · Choir · Guitar · Harpsichord · Lute · Open Instrumentation · Organ · Piano · Piano 4 hands · Piano and orchestra · Solo Instrument and Piano · String Quartet · Wind Ensemble
Periods 20th Century · 21st Century · Baroque · Classical · Early 20th Century · Late 19th century · Renaissance · Romantic