Francesco Durante

Francesco Durante Sheet Music

  • Born
    31st March 1684
  • Died
    30th September 1755
  • Birthplace
    Frattamaggiore, Italy

Francesco Durante was a Neapolitan composer. He was born at Frattamaggiore, in the Kingdom of Naples, and at an early age he entered the Conservatorio dei poveri di Gesù Cristo, in Naples, where he received lessons from Gaetano Greco. Later he became a pupil of Alessandro Scarlatti at the Conservatorio di Sant'Onofrio. He is also supposed to have studied under Bernardo Pasquini and Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni in Rome, but there is no documentary evidence. He is said to have succeeded Scarlatti in 1725 at Sant' Onofrio, and to have remained there until 1742, when he succeeded Porpora as head of the Conservatorio di Santa Maria di Loreto, also in Naples. This post he held for thirteen years, till his death in Naples. He was married three times. His fame as a teacher was considerable, and Niccolò Jommelli, Giovanni Paisiello, Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Niccolò Piccinni and Leonardo Vinci were amongst his pupils. As a teacher, he insisted on the unreasoning observance of rules, differing thus from Scarlatti, who treated all his pupils as individuals. A complete collection of Durante's works, consisting almost exclusively of sacred music, was presented by Selvaggi, a Neapolitan art collector, to the Paris library. A catalogue may be found in Fétis's Biographie universelle. The imperial library of Vienna also preserves a valuable collection of Durante's manuscripts. Two requiems, several masses (one of which, a most original work, is the Pastoral Mass for four voices) and theLamentations of the prophet Jeremiah are amongst his most important settings. His Magnificat achieved popularity partly because of its misattribution to Pergolesi. Durante finds a place on the Opéra Garnier, Paris, perhaps by virtue of his students The fact that Durante never composed for the stage brought him an exaggerated reputation as a composer of sacred music. Considered one of the best church composers of his style and period, he seems to have founded the sentimental school of Italian church music. Nevertheless, Hasseprotested against Durante's being described as the greatest harmonist of Italy, a title which he ascribed to Alessandro Scarlatti.

Title Form Instrument
Arie Aria / Arietta Voice(s) and Piano
Danza fanciulla gentile Dance Voice(s) and Instruments
Ahi che sarà di me Duet Voice(s) and Instruments
Cessent corda lamenta formare Motet Voice(s) and Instruments
Partita in D major Partita Piano
Confitebor in D major Sacred Mass Voice(s) and Instruments
Dixit Dominus a 8 in D major Sacred Mass Voice(s) and Instruments
Kyrie Sacred Mass Solo voice(s)
Laudate pueri a 8 in G major Sacred Mass Voice(s) and Instruments
Laudate Pueri in C major Sacred Mass Choir and Instrument
Litanies a 4 in G minor Sacred Mass Voice(s) and Instruments
Magnificat in A minor Sacred Mass Voice(s) and Orchestra
Magnificat in B-flat major Sacred Mass Voice(s) and Instruments
Mass in C minor Sacred Mass Voice(s) and Instruments
Misericordias Domini Sacred Mass Choir
Missa di requiem Sacred Mass Choir and Instrument
Sonata Inedita in C minor Sonata Piano
Vergin tutto amor Song Cycle Voice(s) and Piano
Toccata in F minor Toccata Piano
Toccate Toccata Piano