Classical

The Classical period of Western academic music is usually accepted to range from around 1750 to the late 1810's. It followed from the Baroque period and was in turn succeeded by the Romantic era. Music became generally lighter in terms of textural density, emphasizing elegance in place of the Baroque's serious and dramatic delivery. This resulted in a clearer tonal structure emerging from compositions. Though the style became arguably less passionate, the use of contrast became more pronounced than before. Instrumental music gained importance, and the orchestra grew in size and consolidated, approximating its modern form. The harpsichord was eventually replaced by the pianoforte, and many solo and chamber genres emerged, of which the sonata developed the most. In general terms, the Classical period can be defined as the time when most of the modern musical concepts consolidated. The best known composers from this period are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Schubert; other notable names include Muzio Clementi, Antonio Salieri, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, and Christoph Willibald Gluck. Beethoven, and sometimes Schubert, have been traditionally regarded as transitional figures between the Classical and Romantic periods. The term 'classical music' is often used colloquially to define all Western academic music.

Composers

Frei Jesuíno do Monte Carmelo Aaron Williams Abijah Forbush Abraham Wood Adelaide Suzanne Camille Delaval Adhémar De Flagny Agostino Belloli Albert Ernest Wier Alessandro Besozzi Alessandro Favier Alessandro Felici Alessandro Maria Antonio Fridzeri Alessandro Rolla Alexander Auld Alexander Campbell Alexander Davidson Alexander Fesca Alexandre-Étienne Choron Alexandre-Pierre-François Boëly Allen D. Carden Alling Brown Alphonse Fortia de Piles Amand Vanderhagen Amos Blanchard Amos Bull Anders Wesström André Ernest Modeste Grétry André-Frédéric Eler André-Joseph Exaudet André-Joseph Fauvel Andrea Caporale Andreas Romberg Andrew Adgate Angelo Maria Benincori Anna Amalia Anna Bon Anselm Bayly Antoine Bohrer Antoine Calvière Antoine Dauvergne Antoine-Nicolas-Marie Fontaine Anton Bemetzrieder Anton Bernhard Fürstenau Anton Diabelli Anton Eberl Anton Reicha Anton Wranitzky Antonio Albanese Antonio Angelo da Costa e Mello Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni Antonio Bianchi II Antonio Boroni Antonio Botti Antonio Capuzzi Antônio dos Santos Cunha Antonio Peregrino Benelli Antonio Rosetti Antonio Soler Antonio Vivaldi Aristide Farrenc Armand-Louis Couperin Artem Vedel Asahel Benham August Bournonville August Fryderyk Duranowski August Wilhelm Bach Auguste Vern Azariah Fobes B. Cunnah Baldassare Galuppi Baldassarre del Bianco Bartholomew Brown Bartolomeo Campagnoli Bartolomeo Felici Bécourt Bedřich Smetana Bendix Friedrich Zinck Benedetto Marcello Benjamin Blake Benjamin Carr Benjamin Cooke Bernard Fattschek Bernhard Anselm Weber Bernhard Flies Bernhard Henrik Crusell Bernhard Molique Bonifazio Asioli C.G. Vanheelen Camille Saint-Saëns Camillo Barni Carel Anton Fodor Carl Zulehner Carl Almenräder Carl August Cannabich Carl August Friedrich Westenholz Carl Czerny Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Carl Fischer Carl Friedrich Abel Carl Friedrich Baumgarten Carl Friedrich Ebers Carl Friedrich Zelter Carl Loewe Carl Maria von Weber Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Carl Philipp Stamitz Carlo Yvon Carlo Antonio Campioni Carlo Besozzi Carlo Broschi Carlo Cannobio Carlo Coccia Carlo Ferrari Casimir Anton Cartellieri Cesare Bossi Cesare Castelbarco-Visconti Charles Dancla Charles Avison Charles Bochsa Charles Burney Charles Castiglioni Charles Dibdin Charles Dingley Charles Fleury Charles Wesley Charles-Antoine Branche Charles-François Dumonchau Charles-Simon Catel Charles-Valentin Alkan Christian Cannabich Christian Dickhut Christian Gottlieb Scheidler Christian Heinrich Rinck Christian Jacob Zahn Christian Ludwig Dieter Christian Michael Wolff Christian Wilhelm Westerhoff Christoph Bernhard Verspoell Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse Christoph Förster Christoph Ludwig Fehre Christoph Willibald Gluck Claude-Bénigne Balbastre Conrad Doll Conradin Kreutzer Cornelius Van Deventer Corsin Louis-Joseph Cosme José de Benito Cuthbert F. Whitemore D. Chiapparelli Daniel Bayley Daniel Belknap Daniel Léo Simpson David Weyman Delieu Denoose Diego Zucchinetti Dietrich Ewald von Grotthuss Dionisio Aguado y García Dmytro Bortniansky Domenico Antinori Domenico Cimarosa Domenico Corri Domenico Dragonetti Domenico Ferrari Domenico Fischietti Domingos de São José Varella Dominique Della-Maria Ebenezer Child Edmund Angerer Edouard Du Puy Edward Little White Edward Smith Biggs Edward Woodward Egidio Duni Eleazer Fitch Backus Elise-Minelli Filipowicz Emanuel Aguilar Emanuel Aloys Förster Emanuele Astorga Emanuele Barbella Emerico Lobo de Mesquita Emiliano Emiliani Ernesto A. L. Coop Ernesto Nazareth Ernst Eichner Ernst Wilhelm Wolf Eugène Walckiers Fedele Fenaroli Federigo Fiorillo Felice Alessandri Félix Battanchon Felix Mendelssohn Ferdinand Dufresne Ferdinand Fränzl Ferdinand Ries Ferdinand Zellbell Jr Ferdinando Bertoni Ferdinando Carozzi Ferdinando Carulli Ferdinando de Cristofaro Fernando Ferrandiere Fernando Sor Ferruccio Busoni Festoni Filippo Allegri Florêncio José Ferreira Coutinho Florian Johann Deller Florine Dezède Francesco Antonio da Bagnacavallo Francesco Basili Francesco Bianchi Francesco Chabran Francesco Federici II Francesco Florimo Francesco Gasparini Francesco Geminiani Francesco Maria Veracini Francesco Molino Francesco Venturini Francesco Zane Francesco Zannetti Francesco Zappa Francis D. Allen Francis Herring François Adrien Boieldieu François Alday François Cupis François Delange Francois Devienne François Viger François Vincent Corbelin François-Hippolyte Barthélémon Frantisek Xaver Blyma František Xaver Dušek Franz Adam Veichtner Franz Anton Hoffmeister Franz Asplmayr Franz Bühler Franz Danzi Franz Ignaz Beck Franz Joseph Fröhlich Franz Joseph Haydn Franz Krommer Franz Schubert
Franz Strauss Franz Thaddäus Blatt Franz Weiss Franz Wilhelm Ferling Franz Xaver Wolf Frédéric Bérat Frédéric Brisson Frédéric Duvernoy Frédéric Venua Frederick II Friedrich Delver Friedrich Ernst Fesca Friedrich Ferdinand Flemming Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer Friedrich Kuhlau Friedrich Ludwig Aemilius Kunzen Friedrich Ludwig Benda Friedrich Wieck Friedrich Wilhelm Berner Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Benda Friedrich Witt Frutuoso de Matos Couto G Adams G.F. Foux Gabriel Allier Gaetano Valeri Gaetano Agazzi Gaetano Andreozzi Gaetano Brunetti Gaspare Spontini Gasparo Angiolini Gasparo Sborgi Gaudenzio Comi Gennaro Astarita Georg Christoph Wagenseil Georg Friedrich Händel Georg Joseph Vogler Georg Ludwig Winter George Berg George Cameron George E. Blake George Frederick Pinto George Henry Davidson Gervais-François Couperin Giacomo Gotifredo Ferrari Giacomo Zucchi Gian Domenico Cattenacci Gioacchino Cocchi Gioachino Antonio Rossini Giovan Gualberto Brunetti Giovanni Valentini (of Naples) Giovanni Allegrini Giovanni Andrea Fioroni Giovanni Battista Canaletti Giovanni Battista Casali Giovanni Battista Cirri Giovanni Battista Costanzi Giovanni Battista Martini Giovanni Battista Pescetti Giovanni Battista Viotti Giovanni Bernardo Zucchinetti Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari Giovanni Marco Rutini Giovanni Maria Casini Giovanni Simone Mayr Girolamo Crescentini Giulio Regondi Giuseppe Aprile Giuseppe Baini Giuseppe Buccioni Giuseppe Demachi Giuseppe Farinelli Giuseppe Maria Cambini Giuseppe Verdi Gottfried Weber Gotthelf Benjamin Flaschner Gottlieb Christian Füger Gregorio Ballabene Hans Georg Nägeli Hans Hinrich Zielche Hans Moritz von Brühl Hartenack Otto Conrad Zinck Hartley W. Day Heinrich Baermann Heinrich Carl Ebell Heinrich Domnich Heinrich Josef Wassermann Heinrich Werner Henri Darondeau Henri-Montan Berton Henry C. Eyer Henry Clay Blin Henry Purcell Henry Rowley Bishop Hercule de Fontenailles Hezekiah Cantelo Hugh Bond Hyacinthe Jadin Ignatio Fiorillo Ignaz Böck Ignaz Fränzl Ignaz Moscheles Ignaz Vitzthumb Ignaz von Beecke Ignazio Cirri Isaac Albéniz Isaac Baker Woodbury J Flad J H Coppenneur J. Augeron J. C. Baumberg Jacob French Jacob Wragg Jacques Féréol Mazas Jacques Widerkehr Jacques-Georges Cousineau Jacques-Marie Beauvarlet-Charpentier James A. Bland James Aird James Cervetto James Davie James Harvey d' Egville James Hook James Leach James P. Carrell Jan Ladislav Dussek Jan Václav Voříšek Jane Clarke Jean Aimé Vernier Jean Baptiste de Fier Jean Baur Jean Jacques Dreuilh Jean Paul Egide Martini Jean-Baptiste Bédard Jean-Baptiste Bréval Jean-Baptiste Cardon Jean-Baptiste Cardonne Jean-Baptiste Cartier Jean-Baptiste Davaux Jean-Baptiste Dupuits Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin Jean-Frédéric Edelmann Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier Jean-Louis Duport Jean-Philippe Rameau Jean-Pierre Duport Jerald Franklin Archer Jerome Duval Jiří Antonín Benda Jiří Cart Joachim Nicolas Eggert João Domingos Bomtempo Joaquim Casimiro Jr. Johan Arnold Dahmen Johan Bülow Johan David Zander Johan Halvorsen Johan Henrich Berlin Johann Adam Johann Adolph Scheibe Johann Andreas Amon Johann Andreas Dröbs Johann Anton André Johann Anton Filtz Johann Baptist Cramer Johann Baptist Vanhal Johann Baptist Wendling Johann Bliesener Johann Carl Eschmann Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab Johann Christian Bach Johann Christian Barthel Johann Christian Beyer Johann Christian Fischer Johann Christoph Conrad Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach Johann Christoph Vogel Johann Ernst Altenburg Johann Ernst Bach Johann Ernst Eberlin Johann Evangelist Brandl Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel Johann Friedrich Agricola Johann Friedrich Barmann Johann Friedrich Daube Johann Friedrich Doles Johann Friedrich Hugo von Dalberg Johann Friedrich Reichardt Johann Friedrich Samuel Döring Johann Georg Albrechtsberger Johann Georg Distler Johann Georg Franz Waßmuth Johann Georg Witthauer Johann Georg Wunderlich Johann Gottfried Arnold Johann Gottfried Vierling Johann Gottfried Weiske Johann Gottlieb Graun Johann Gottlob Werner Johann Heinrich Carl Bornhardt Johann Heinrich Clasing Johann Heinrich Egli Johann Jakob Ammann Johann Jakob Wehrli Johann Kaspar Aiblinger Johann Ludwig Böhner Johann Ludwig Willing Johann Melchior Dreyer Johann Nepomuk Hummel Johann Nikolaus Forkel Johann Philipp Kirnberger Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg Johann Stamitz Johann Strauss Jr Johann Went Johann Wessely Johann Wilhelm Wilms Johannes Brahms Johannes Colizzi Johannes Friedrich Drobisch John Valentine John Alcock Jr. John Alcock Sr. John Alexander May John Antes John Arnold John Beckwith John Clarke-Whitfeld John Clifton John Cole John Erhardt Weipert John Fawcett John Field John Francis Wade John Freckleton Burrowes John French John Tiplady Carrodus John Wall Callcott John Whitaker John Worgan Jonathan Battishill Jonathan Benjamin José Avelino Canongia José Bernardo Alzedo José de Campderrós
José do Espírito Santo e Oliveira José Durán José Lidon José Pacheco Joseph Alexander Joseph Baildon Joseph Benedikt Zyka Joseph Bologne Saint-Georges Joseph Callaerts Joseph Corfe Joseph Dale Joseph Eybler Joseph Frike Joseph Funk Joseph Gossec Joseph Marie Felix Blangini Joseph Mazzinghi Joseph Siegmund Bachmann Joseph Tacet Joseph Weigl Joseph Williams of Tipton Joseph Woelfl Josephine Aurnhammer Josephus Fodor Josiah Flagg Josse-François-Joseph Benaut Józef Elsner Juan Crisóstomo de Arriaga Jules Demersseman Julián Santos Carrión Julie Candeille Julije Bajamonti Julius Benedict Karl Goldmark Karl Groos Karl Jacob Wagner Karl Stamitz Karl Weiss Karl Wolfrum Kaspar Ett L'Abbé Duval Laure Fonta Leonhard von Call Léopold Aimon Leopold Hofmann Liveretto Ferretti Louis Adam Louis François Philippe Drouet Louis Sauter Louis Spohr Louis-Emmanuel Jadin Louis-François Dauprat Louis-Julien Clarchies Ludwig Berger Ludwig Spohr Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig Wilhelm Tepper von Ferguson Luffman Atterbury Luigi Balocchi Luigi Barbieri Luigi Boccherini Luigi Borghi Luigi Cherubini Luigi Fanfani Luke Eastman Madame Coedes-Mongin Madame Fresnoy Mads Gregers Dam Manoel Dias de Oliveira Manuel Blasco de Nebra Manuel José Vidigal Maria Teresa Agnesi Maria Theresia von Paradis Marianne Auenbrugger Mariano Estrada Marie-Charlotte Hippolyte de Campet de Saujon Marie-Joséphine de Comarieu de Montalembert Martin Berteau Martin Pierre Dalvimare Mateo Antonio Pérez de Albéniz Matteo Carcassi Matthäus Fischer Matthew Camidge Mattia Vento Mauro Giuliani Meinhard von Wil Michael Arne Michael Dobney Michael Gotthard Fischer Michael Haydn Michael Henkel Michael Samuel David Gattermann Michael William Balfe Michel Rondeau Michel Woldemar Michel Yost Miguel Teodoro Ferreira Miles Coyle Muzio Clementi Niccolò Valenti Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli Niccolò Dôthel Niccolò Paganini Nicholas Charles Bochsa Nicola Aliani Nicola Antonio Porpora Nicola Conforto Nicolas Baldenecker Nicolas Dalayrac Nicolas Dezède Nicolas-Joseph Chartrain Nicolo Isouard Nikolaus Betscher Oliver Brownson Oliver Dudley Cooke Olof Ahlström Oreste Ravanello Otakar Sevčík Othon-Joseph Vandenbroek P. C. Dupohnt Pablo Vidal Pasquale Anfossi Pasquale Cafaro Paul Delisse Paul Wranitzky Pedro Abril Tirado Pedro Carrera y Lanchares Pedro Nolasco Colón Pehr Frigel Peter August Peter von Winter Peter Weldon Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter Pierre Vachon Pierre Arnaud Pierre Baillot Pierre Dominique Bideau Pierre François Olivier Aubert Pierre Gaveaux Pierre Jean Porro Pierre Jean Wacher Pierre Rode Pierre Simon Fournier Pierre-Hyacinthe Azais Pieter Joseph Van den Bosch Pietro Locatelli Pietro Bertuzzi Pietro Ceracchini Pietro Pettoletti Placido Abela Placidus von Camerloher Prospero Cauciello Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky Rafael Antonio Castellanos Raphael Dressler Reinhold Vorpahl Remigius Falb Richard Bourne Richard Tauber Richard Wainwright Robert Barber Robert Bremner Robert Cooke Rodolphe Kreutzer Rufus Frost Şafak Alıcıoğlu Salvatore Bertezen Samuel Arnold Samuel Babcock Samuel Capen Samuel Dyer Samuel Wakefield Samuel Webbe Samuel Webbe Jr. Samuel Wesley Samuel Willard Samuel Wise Saverio Mercadante Sébastien Demar Seth Ely Sigismund Neukomm Simon Fraser Sophia Dussek Sophia Maria Westenholz Stanislas Champein Stepan Davydov Stephane Ansons Supply Belcher Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson T. Davis Theodore Aylward Thérèse Blangini Thomas Adams I Thomas Alexander Erskine Thomas Attwood Thomas Augustine Arne Thomas Carter Thomas Christian Walter Thomas Clark Thomas Commuck Thomas Cooke Thomas Curtis Thomas Ebdon Thomas Hamly Butler Thomas Haynes Bayly Thomas Lloyd Fowle Thomas R. Weber Thomas Warren Thomas Whittemore Thomas Wilson Thomas Wright Tommaso Giordani Toussaint Bordet Tranquille Berbiguier Udalrich Baldenecker Valentino Fioravanti Valentino Nicolai Various Venceslav Wratny Vincenzio Bianciardi Vincenzo Federici Vincenzo Legrenzio Ciampi Vincenzo Tobia Nicola Bellini W. J. White Wilhelm Cramer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach Wilhelm Gottfried Enderle William Batchelder Bradbury William Billings William Boyce William Brown William Carnaby William Chappell William Crane Carl William Dixon William Duncombe William Hamilton Bird, William Henry Westray Darley William Maurice Cahusac William Walker William Walond Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Xaver Scharwenka Yevstigney Fomin

Performers