Romantic / Choir and Instrument music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
Popular composers Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  César Franck  ·  Charles Gounod  ·  Stephen Foster  ·  Léo Delibes  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Reynaldo Hahn  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Anton Bruckner  ·  Friedrich Kuhlau  ·  Arthur Sullivan  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Josef Gabriel Rheinberger  ·  Henri Duparc  ·  Edward MacDowell  ·  Arthur Foote  ·  Charles Villiers Stanford  ·  Charles-Marie Widor  ·  Théodore Dubois  ·  Franz Abt  ·  Carl Loewe  ·  George Whitefield Chadwick  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Samuel Coleridge-Taylor  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Orlando Gibbons  ·  Niels Gade  ·  Peter Cornelius  ·  Giovanni Bottesini  ·  Louis Vierne  ·  Joseph Barnby  ·  Georges Hüe  ·  Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson  ·  Henry Rowley Bishop  ·  Frederic Hymen Cowen  ·  Dudley Buck  ·  Daniel François Esprit Auber  ·  Heinrich von Herzogenberg
Instruments Choir and Instrument
Forms Anthem  ·  Ballade  ·  Barcarolle  ·  Books  ·  Cantata  ·  Canzona  ·  Chorale  ·  Christmas Carols  ·  Compilation  ·  Duet  ·  Fantasy  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Lullaby/Berceuse  ·  March  ·  Motet  ·  Nocturne  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Oratorio  ·  Piece  ·  Romance  ·  Sacred Mass  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Symphonic Pieces  ·  Theatrical / Incidental  ·  Trio