Romantic / String Orchestra music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
Popular composers Johannes Brahms  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Johann Strauss Jr  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Various  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Max Reger  ·  Gustav Mahler  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Anton Arensky  ·  Arthur Foote  ·  Gabriel Pierné  ·  Johan Halvorsen  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Niels Gade  ·  Carl Nielsen  ·  Josef Suk  ·  Leoš Janáček  ·  Victor Herbert  ·  Giovanni Bottesini  ·  Robert Fuchs  ·  Alfredo D'Ambrosio  ·  Paul Juon  ·  Theodore Akimenko  ·  Marco Enrico Bossi  ·  Emanuel Moór  ·  Woldemar Bargiel  ·  Robert Volkmann  ·  Homer Newton Bartlett  ·  Percy Eastman Fletcher  ·  József Bloch  ·  Angelo Bottagisio  ·  George Henschel  ·  Gaston Salvayre  ·  Carl Busch  ·  Hugo Reinhold  ·  Gyula Beliczay  ·  Michele Esposito  ·  Giano Brida  ·  Frederick Corder  ·  Accolay Jean-Baptiste  ·  Christian Barnekow  ·  Dámaso Zabalza  ·  Giovanni Bolzoni
Instruments String Orchestra
Forms Barcarolle  ·  Cantata  ·  Canzona  ·  Caprice  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Fantasy  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Intermezzi  ·  Minuet  ·  Nocturne  ·  Octet  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Piece  ·  Prelude  ·  Prelude (or other movement) and Fugue  ·  Quartet  ·  Scherzo  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sextet  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Suite  ·  Symphonic Pieces  ·  Symphonic Poem  ·  Symphony  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Waltz