Romantic / Song music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
Popular composers Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Richard Wagner  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Giuseppe Verdi  ·  Max Reger  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Alexander Borodin  ·  Anonymous  ·  Modest Mussorgsky  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  Stephen Foster  ·  Gustav Mahler  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  Max Bruch  ·  Pablo de Sarasate  ·  Anton Rubinstein  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Henri Duparc  ·  Joachim Andersen  ·  Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  ·  Arthur Foote  ·  Franz Abt  ·  Carl Loewe  ·  Sigismond Thalberg  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Harry Thacker Burleigh  ·  Peter Cornelius  ·  Teodoro Cottrau  ·  Guillaume Louis Cottrau  ·  Luigi Arditi  ·  Paul Juon  ·  Jean-Baptiste Faure  ·  Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse  ·  Fanny Hensel  ·  Nicolai von Wilm  ·  Hermann Adolf Wollenhaupt  ·  Robert Volkmann
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  N/A  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  String Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano
Forms Song