Romantic / Fantasy music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
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Popular composers Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Erik Satie  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Max Reger  ·  César Franck  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Charles Gounod  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  Jacques Offenbach  ·  Moritz Moszkowski  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Stephen Heller  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Fernando Sor  ·  Max Bruch  ·  Pablo de Sarasate  ·  Anton Bruckner  ·  Friedrich Kuhlau  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Anton Arensky  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Josef Gabriel Rheinberger  ·  Joachim Andersen  ·  Joachim Raff  ·  Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  ·  Gabriel Pierné  ·  Édouard Lalo  ·  Charles Villiers Stanford  ·  Matteo Carcassi  ·  Charles-Marie Widor  ·  Théodore Dubois  ·  Mily Balakirev  ·  Carl Loewe  ·  Napoleón Coste  ·  George Whitefield Chadwick  ·  Henri Wieniawski  ·  Jean-Baptiste Arban  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Sigismond Thalberg  ·  Vincent d' Indy
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Clarinet  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Horn  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  String Trio  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Forms Fantasy