Romantic / Nocturne music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
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Popular composers Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  César Franck  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Reynaldo Hahn  ·  Stephen Heller  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Pablo de Sarasate  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  ·  Joachim Raff  ·  Mily Balakirev  ·  Sigismond Thalberg  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Friedrich Burgmüller  ·  Ferdinando Carulli  ·  Karol Szymanowski  ·  Ignaz Moscheles  ·  Ferdinand Beyer  ·  Léon Boëllmann  ·  Charles-Auguste de Bériot  ·  John Field  ·  Felix Blumenfeld  ·  Henri Bertini  ·  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda  ·  Georges Hüe  ·  Philippe Gaubert  ·  Justin Clérice  ·  Engelbert Humperdinck  ·  William Vincent Wallace  ·  Giulio Regondi  ·  Johann Baptist Cramer  ·  Heinrich von Herzogenberg  ·  Luigi Denza  ·  Sigismund Neukomm  ·  Johann Kaspar Mertz  ·  Theodore Akimenko  ·  Emanuel Moór  ·  Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst  ·  Carl Chesneau  ·  Ole Bull  ·  Abraham Tena Manrique
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Orchestra  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Piano
Forms Nocturne