Romantic / Caprice music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
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Popular composers Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Max Reger  ·  Niccolò Paganini  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  César Franck  ·  Moritz Moszkowski  ·  Bedřich Smetana  ·  Reynaldo Hahn  ·  Francisco Tárrega  ·  Stephen Heller  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Pablo de Sarasate  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Anton Arensky  ·  Joachim Andersen  ·  Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  ·  Joachim Raff  ·  Gabriel Pierné  ·  Matteo Carcassi  ·  Mily Balakirev  ·  Napoleón Coste  ·  Carl Bohm  ·  Emmanuel Chabrier  ·  George Whitefield Chadwick  ·  Albert Ketèlbey  ·  Henri Wieniawski  ·  Frank Bridge  ·  Sigismond Thalberg  ·  Ferdinando Carulli  ·  Adolphe Adam  ·  Karol Szymanowski  ·  Niels Gade  ·  Josef Suk  ·  Johann Baptist Vanhal  ·  Agathe Backer-Grøndahl  ·  Eugène Ysaÿe  ·  Charles-Auguste de Bériot  ·  Henri Vieuxtemps  ·  Georg Goltermann  ·  Ferdinand David  ·  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda  ·  Amilcare Ponchielli  ·  Robert Fuchs
Instruments Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Oboe  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  Viola  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Forms Caprice