Romantic / Romance music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
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Popular composers Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Johann Strauss Jr  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  Charles Gounod  ·  César Cui  ·  Moritz Moszkowski  ·  Aleksandr Glazunov  ·  Max Bruch  ·  Pablo de Sarasate  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Anton Arensky  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Edward MacDowell  ·  Joachim Raff  ·  Édouard Lalo  ·  Anton Diabelli  ·  Mily Balakirev  ·  Henri Wieniawski  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Felix Draeseke  ·  Sigismond Thalberg  ·  Samuel Coleridge-Taylor  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Charles Dancla  ·  Karol Szymanowski  ·  Henri Vieuxtemps  ·  Georg Goltermann  ·  Xaver Scharwenka  ·  Franz Berwald  ·  Émile Pessard  ·  Wilhelm Popp  ·  Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin  ·  William Faulkes  ·  Sergei Taneyev  ·  William Vincent Wallace  ·  Halfdan Kjerulf
Instruments Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Instruments  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano
Forms Romance