Romantic / Theme and Variations music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
TitleComposerFormInstrumentRatings
Variations sérieuses, Op. 54 Felix Mendelssohn Theme and Variations Piano
6 Variations in F major, Op.34 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Piano
Variations on 'I Palpiti', Op. 13 Niccolò Paganini Theme and Variations Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra
Diabelli Variations, op. 120 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Piano
Variations on a Theme by Paganini, Op. 35 Johannes Brahms Theme and Variations Piano
Introduction and Variations, D. 802 Franz Schubert Theme and Variations Flute
6 National Airs with Variations, Op.105 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
Variations for Flute and Piano in E, B. 9 Frédéric Chopin Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
32 Variations in Cm, WoO 80 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Piano
Symphonic Variations, Op. 78 Antonín Dvořák Theme and Variations Orchestra
Variations and Fugue in E♭ 'Eroica', Op. 35 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Piano
Variations on a theme by Robert Schumann, Op. 9 Johannes Brahms Theme and Variations Piano
Variations on a popular Viennese Waltz by Franz Schubert, Op. 12 Carl Czerny Theme and Variations Piano
Variations on a Theme by Haydn, Op. 56 Johannes Brahms Theme and Variations Orchestra
Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel Op. 24 Johannes Brahms Theme and Variations Piano
Variations on an original theme in D, no. 1 from Op. 21 Johannes Brahms Theme and Variations Piano
Variations in A major 'Souvenir de Paganini', B. 37 Frédéric Chopin Theme and Variations Piano
Thème varié, Op. 89 Cécile Chaminade Theme and Variations Piano
Variations Brillantes, Op. 12 Frédéric Chopin Theme and Variations Piano
Variations sur un air national allemand, B. 14 Frédéric Chopin Theme and Variations Piano