Romantic / Theme and Variations music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
Title Composer Form Instrument Ratings
2 Thème Variées and 12 Menuets, Op.11 Fernando Sor Theme and Variations Guitar
2 Tyrolian Themes with Variations, Op.4 Francesco Calegari Theme and Variations Guitar
2 Varied Themes, Op.8 Jacques Bosch Theme and Variations Guitar
3 Airs Russes Variés, Op.72 Ferdinand Ries Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
3 Airs Variés Niccolò Paganini Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
3 Favorite Airs, Set 2 Sophia Dussek Theme and Variations Harp
3 Favorite Airs, Set 7 Sophia Dussek Theme and Variations Harp
3 Lays of the People, Op.10 Charles Wels Theme and Variations Piano
3 Paraphrasen über 'Tristan und Isolde' Carl Tausig Theme and Variations Piano
3 Thèmes favorits de l'opera 'Preciosa', Op.53 Friedrich Kuhlau Theme and Variations Piano
3 Thêmes Variées, Op.146 Johann Heinrich Carl Bornhardt Theme and Variations Chamber group
4 Variations and Finale, Op.141 Mauro Giuliani Theme and Variations Guitar
6 Airs variés, Series I, Op.89 Charles Dancla Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
6 Airs variés, Series II, Op.118 Charles Dancla Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
6 National Airs with Variations, Op.105 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
6 Variations Faciles et Agreables, Op.8 Pietro Pettoletti Theme and Variations Guitar
6 Variations for String Quartet, Op.3 Antoine Bohrer Theme and Variations String Quartet
6 Variations in F major, Op.34 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Piano
6 Variations on 'A Schüsserl und a Rein'dl' J.49 Carl Maria von Weber Theme and Variations Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra
6 Variations on 'Euryanthe', Op.63 Friedrich Kuhlau Theme and Variations Solo Instrument and Piano
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Popular composers Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Various  ·  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Max Reger  ·  Niccolò Paganini  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Georges Bizet  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Stephen Foster  ·  Moritz Moszkowski  ·  Mauro Giuliani  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Stephen Heller  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Fernando Sor  ·  Pablo de Sarasate  ·  Anton Bruckner  ·  Friedrich Kuhlau  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Louis Moreau Gottschalk  ·  Anton Arensky  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Josef Gabriel Rheinberger  ·  Joachim Andersen  ·  Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  ·  Charles Villiers Stanford  ·  Anton Diabelli  ·  Matteo Carcassi  ·  Charles-Marie Widor  ·  Alessandro Rolla  ·  Napoleón Coste  ·  Henri Wieniawski  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Samuel Coleridge-Taylor  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Friedrich Burgmüller  ·  Ferdinando Carulli  ·  Anatoly Lyadov  ·  Charles Dancla
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra
Forms Theme and Variations