Romantic / Rondo music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
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Popular composers Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Max Reger  ·  Carl Maria von Weber  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Mauro Giuliani  ·  Stephen Heller  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Anton Bruckner  ·  Friedrich Kuhlau  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka  ·  Joachim Raff  ·  Charles-Marie Widor  ·  Alessandro Rolla  ·  Dionisio Aguado y García  ·  Ferdinando Carulli  ·  Charles Dancla  ·  Ignaz Moscheles  ·  Ferdinand Beyer  ·  Léon Boëllmann  ·  Henri Vieuxtemps  ·  John Field  ·  Franz Berwald  ·  Henri Bertini  ·  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda  ·  Wilhelm Popp  ·  Henry Rowley Bishop  ·  Gustav Adolf Merkel  ·  Dudley Buck  ·  Giulio Regondi  ·  Halfdan Kjerulf  ·  Daniel François Esprit Auber  ·  Mel Bonis  ·  Nicholas Charles Bochsa  ·  Theodore Akimenko  ·  Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst  ·  Adam Darr  ·  Hermann Adolf Wollenhaupt  ·  William Sterndale Bennett  ·  Otto Nicolai  ·  Jean-Baptiste Duvernoy  ·  Julius Benedict  ·  Alexandre Joseph Artôt  ·  Joseph Mayseder  ·  Ferdinand Quentin Dulcken  ·  Jan Václav Voříšek
Instruments Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  Voice(s) and Piano
Forms Rondo