Romantic / Books music

The term 'Romantic music' denotes a period of Western academic music that lasted throughout most of the 19th century, framing itself in Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement. Romantic music is often characterized as being a reaction to the contained elegance and purity of the Classical period, though the reality is far more complex. Romantic composers were often fascinated with several -often contradictory- subjects: Nature and man's constant struggle against it, everything supernatural and fabulous, the mythical past, the autobiographical and the heroic, the isolated genius, the future of mankind. Improvements in instrumental design and technique, and the growth of orchestras, expanded the possibilities for composers. The rise of the middle class and the emancipation of musicians from courts and patrons represented a change in the way music reached the society. Some of the Romantic composers took an interest in nationalistic music, expressing the state of turmoil that Europe suffered. Musical forms continued to develop: while symphonies became longer and more complex, short musical forms blossomed (such as Chopin's nocturnes). Interest in preservation of the music of the past grew, as well as the will to develop music beyond its current state in terms of form, harmony, counterpoint, etc.
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Popular composers Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Various  ·  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ·  Hector Berlioz  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Muzio Clementi  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Charles Gounod  ·  Stephen Foster  ·  Louis Spohr  ·  César Cui  ·  Jacques Offenbach  ·  Moritz Moszkowski  ·  Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély  ·  Josef Gabriel Rheinberger  ·  Sigfrid Karg-Elert  ·  Charles Villiers Stanford  ·  Charles-Marie Widor  ·  Théodore Dubois  ·  Carl Loewe  ·  Dionisio Aguado y García  ·  Carl Bohm  ·  Emmanuel Chabrier  ·  George Whitefield Chadwick  ·  Jean-Baptiste Arban  ·  Felix Draeseke  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Adolphe Adam  ·  Charles Dancla  ·  Richard Kram  ·  Charles-Auguste de Bériot  ·  Xaver Scharwenka  ·  Giovanni Bottesini  ·  Anton Reicha  ·  Louis Vierne  ·  Ferdinand David  ·  John Coperario  ·  Henri Bertini  ·  Joseph Barnby  ·  Wilhelm Popp  ·  William Faulkes  ·  Jean Delphin Alard  ·  Frederic Hymen Cowen  ·  Gustav Adolf Merkel  ·  Nicholas Charles Bochsa  ·  Jean-Baptiste Faure  ·  Hyacinthe Eléonore Klosé
Instruments Banjo  ·  Bassoon  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Clarinet  ·  Double bass  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harp  ·  Horn  ·  Mandolin  ·  N/A  ·  Oboe  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Ophicleide  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Sarrusophone  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo voice(s)  ·  Trumpet  ·  Viola  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble  ·  Zither
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