Classical music

The Classical period of Western academic music is usually accepted to range from around 1750 to the late 1810's. It followed from the Baroque period and was in turn succeeded by the Romantic era. Music became generally lighter in terms of textural density, emphasizing elegance in place of the Baroque's serious and dramatic delivery. This resulted in a clearer tonal structure emerging from compositions. Though the style became arguably less passionate, the use of contrast became more pronounced than before. Instrumental music gained importance, and the orchestra grew in size and consolidated, approximating its modern form. The harpsichord was eventually replaced by the pianoforte, and many solo and chamber genres emerged, of which the sonata developed the most. In general terms, the Classical period can be defined as the time when most of the modern musical concepts consolidated. The best known composers from this period are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Franz Schubert; other notable names include Muzio Clementi, Antonio Salieri, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, and Christoph Willibald Gluck. Beethoven, and sometimes Schubert, have been traditionally regarded as transitional figures between the Classical and Romantic periods. The term 'classical music' is often used colloquially to define all Western academic music.
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Popular composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Franz Joseph Haydn  ·  Antonio Vivaldi  ·  Various  ·  Giuseppe Verdi  ·  Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach  ·  Muzio Clementi  ·  Luigi Boccherini  ·  Mauro Giuliani  ·  Fernando Sor  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Carl Friedrich Abel  ·  Anton Diabelli  ·  Alessandro Rolla  ·  Christoph Willibald Gluck  ·  Ferdinando Carulli  ·  Domenico Cimarosa  ·  Baldassare Galuppi  ·  Giuseppe Maria Cambini  ·  Franz Anton Hoffmeister  ·  Anton Reicha  ·  William Boyce  ·  Michael Haydn  ·  Giulio Regondi  ·  Michael Henkel  ·  Franz Danzi  ·  Manoel Dias de Oliveira  ·  Claude-Bénigne Balbastre  ·  François Adrien Boieldieu  ·  Johann Philipp Kirnberger  ·  Emerico Lobo de Mesquita  ·  Maria Theresia von Paradis  ·  Charles Wesley  ·  Karl Stamitz  ·  Ludwig Spohr  ·  Louis-Emmanuel Jadin  ·  Richard Tauber  ·  Francesco Gasparini  ·  Johann Gottlob Werner  ·  Hyacinthe Jadin  ·  Gaspare Spontini  ·  Johann Melchior Dreyer  ·  Michael Samuel David Gattermann  ·  José Lidon  ·  Andreas Romberg  ·  Christian Michael Wolff  ·  José Pacheco
Instruments Bassoon  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Choir  ·  Choir and Instrument  ·  Choir and Orchestra  ·  Clarinet  ·  Flute  ·  Guitar  ·  Harpsichord  ·  Horn  ·  N/A  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  String Trio  ·  Trumpet  ·  Viola  ·  Viola da gamba  ·  Violin  ·  Voice(s) and Orchestra  ·  Voice(s) and Piano  ·  Wind Ensemble
Forms Aria / Arietta  ·  Books  ·  Cantata  ·  Chaconne  ·  Chorale  ·  Chorale Prelude  ·  Compilation  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Duet  ·  Etude  ·  Fantasy  ·  Funeral Music  ·  March  ·  Minuet  ·  Motet  ·  Nocturne  ·  Octet  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Oratorio  ·  Overture  ·  Partita  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Prelude  ·  Quartet  ·  Quintet  ·  Rondo  ·  Sacred Mass  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sextet  ·  Sonata  ·  Sonatina  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Suite  ·  Symphony  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Trio  ·  Waltz