Piano / Early 20th Century music

The piano is a keyboard-based music instrument. Its versatility and pervasiveness, together with its polyphonic capabilities have made it one of the world's most employed instruments, and a crucial piece in the development of the Western musical tradition. It's name is a shortened form of 'pianoforte', terms which in Italian respectively mean 'soft' and 'loud', referring the fact that the pianoforte had the capability of producing variations in volume which previous keyboard instruments could not. Standard pianos have 52 white keys and 36 black ones, for a total of 88. They are chordophones: pressing any key activates a mechanism which makes a hammer strike a set of strings. The sound produced is amplified via the soundboard and body of the piano. Being one of the most influential instruments in the history of music, the piano has undergone many changes and technological innovations, from the insertion of the damper and tonal pedals, to the creation of electric, electronic, and digital pianos.
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Popular composers Claude Debussy  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Maurice Ravel  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Erik Satie  ·  Cécile Chaminade  ·  Béla Bartók  ·  Max Reger  ·  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ·  Jean Sibelius  ·  Enrique Granados  ·  Scott Joplin  ·  George Gershwin  ·  Reynaldo Hahn  ·  Ferruccio Busoni  ·  Anton Arensky  ·  Ottorino Respighi  ·  Sigfrid Karg-Elert  ·  Gabriel Pierné  ·  Florent Schmitt  ·  Arnold Schoenberg  ·  Charles-Marie Widor  ·  Théodore Dubois  ·  Manuel de Falla  ·  George Whitefield Chadwick  ·  Albert Ketèlbey  ·  Frank Bridge  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Bohuslav Martinů  ·  Samuel Coleridge-Taylor  ·  Percy Grainger  ·  Vincent d' Indy  ·  Albert Roussel  ·  George Enescu  ·  Arthur Honegger  ·  Frederick Delius  ·  Karol Szymanowski  ·  Ernesto Nazareth  ·  Carl Nielsen  ·  Johann Baptist Vanhal  ·  Leoš Janáček  ·  Arnold Bax  ·  Joaquín Turina  ·  Victor Herbert
Periods Early 20th Century
Forms Aria / Arietta  ·  Bagatelle  ·  Ballade  ·  Ballet  ·  Barcarolle  ·  Books  ·  Canon  ·  Caprice  ·  Chorale  ·  Christmas Carols  ·  Compilation  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Duet  ·  Etude  ·  Fanfare  ·  Fantasy  ·  Foxtrot  ·  Fugue  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Gavotte  ·  Impromptu  ·  Intermezzi  ·  Lullaby/Berceuse  ·  March  ·  Mazurka  ·  Medley  ·  Minuet  ·  Nocturne  ·  Opera / Operetta  ·  Partita  ·  Pavane  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Polka  ·  Prelude  ·  Prelude (or other movement) and Fugue  ·  Rag  ·  Rhapsody  ·  Romance  ·  Rondo  ·  Saraband  ·  Scherzo  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sonata  ·  Sonatina  ·  Song  ·  Song Cycle  ·  Suite  ·  Tango  ·  Theatrical / Incidental  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Toccata  ·  Transcription  ·  Waltz