Piano / Late 19th century music

The piano is a keyboard-based music instrument. Its versatility and pervasiveness, together with its polyphonic capabilities have made it one of the world's most employed instruments, and a crucial piece in the development of the Western musical tradition. It's name is a shortened form of 'pianoforte', terms which in Italian respectively mean 'soft' and 'loud', referring the fact that the pianoforte had the capability of producing variations in volume which previous keyboard instruments could not. Standard pianos have 52 white keys and 36 black ones, for a total of 88. They are chordophones: pressing any key activates a mechanism which makes a hammer strike a set of strings. The sound produced is amplified via the soundboard and body of the piano. Being one of the most influential instruments in the history of music, the piano has undergone many changes and technological innovations, from the insertion of the damper and tonal pedals, to the creation of electric, electronic, and digital pianos.
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Popular composers Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Claude Debussy  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Antonín Dvořák  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Maurice Ravel  ·  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ·  Richard Wagner  ·  Jules Massenet  ·  Erik Satie  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Max Reger  ·  Gustav Holst  ·  Alexander Borodin  ·  Alexander Scriabin  ·  Enrique Granados  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Edward MacDowell  ·  Emmanuel Chabrier  ·  Manuel de Falla  ·  Amy Marcy Beach  ·  Ernest Chausson  ·  Victor Herbert  ·  Hugo Wolf  ·  Ruggiero Leoncavallo  ·  Auguste Durand  ·  Carl August Nielsen  ·  Leopoldo Miguez  ·  Karl Michael Ziehrer  ·  Juliusz Zarębski  ·  Władysław Zeleński  ·  Sergey Yuferov  ·  José Vianna da Motta  ·  Richard Zeckwer  ·  Rudolf Ewald Zingel  ·  Fritz Zierau  ·  Edgardo del Valle de Paz  ·  Géza Zichy  ·  F. E. Vanderbeck  ·  Jules Vasseur  ·  Will. H. Veith  ·  Nannie Louise Wright  ·  Xavier van Elewyck  ·  Edmond-Nathan Yafil  ·  Karl Zuschneid  ·  László Zimay  ·  Sigizmund Zaremba
Periods Late 19th century
Forms Bagatelle  ·  Ballade  ·  Barcarolle  ·  Books  ·  Canon  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Etude  ·  Fantasy  ·  Fugue  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Gavotte  ·  Impromptu  ·  March  ·  Mazurka  ·  Mélodie  ·  Minuet  ·  Nocturne  ·  Pavane  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Polka  ·  Polonaise  ·  Prelude  ·  Quadrille  ·  Quintet  ·  Rhapsody  ·  Rondo  ·  Scherzo  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sonata  ·  Sonatina  ·  Song  ·  Suite  ·  Symphonic Pieces  ·  Symphonic Poem  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Toccata  ·  Waltz