Piano / Classical music

The piano is a keyboard-based music instrument. Its versatility and pervasiveness, together with its polyphonic capabilities have made it one of the world's most employed instruments, and a crucial piece in the development of the Western musical tradition. It's name is a shortened form of 'pianoforte', terms which in Italian respectively mean 'soft' and 'loud', referring the fact that the pianoforte had the capability of producing variations in volume which previous keyboard instruments could not. Standard pianos have 52 white keys and 36 black ones, for a total of 88. They are chordophones: pressing any key activates a mechanism which makes a hammer strike a set of strings. The sound produced is amplified via the soundboard and body of the piano. Being one of the most influential instruments in the history of music, the piano has undergone many changes and technological innovations, from the insertion of the damper and tonal pedals, to the creation of electric, electronic, and digital pianos.
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Popular composers Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Franz Joseph Haydn  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Isaac Albéniz  ·  Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach  ·  Muzio Clementi  ·  Carl Czerny  ·  Bedřich Smetana  ·  Charles-Valentin Alkan  ·  Friedrich Kuhlau  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Daniel Léo Simpson  ·  Matteo Carcassi  ·  Jan Ladislav Dussek  ·  Wilhelm Friedemann Bach  ·  Domenico Cimarosa  ·  Ernesto Nazareth  ·  Baldassare Galuppi  ·  Ignaz Moscheles  ·  Franz Anton Hoffmeister  ·  Johann Baptist Vanhal  ·  Johann Georg Albrechtsberger  ·  John Field  ·  Xaver Scharwenka  ·  Anton Reicha  ·  Johann Christian Bach  ·  Luigi Cherubini  ·  Thomas Augustine Arne  ·  Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach  ·  Giovanni Battista Martini  ·  Antonio Soler  ·  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf  ·  Johann Baptist Cramer  ·  Sigismund Neukomm  ·  Tommaso Giordani  ·  Julián Santos Carrión  ·  Louis Sauter  ·  Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse  ·  Joseph Gossec  ·  Joseph Woelfl  ·  Jiří Antonín Benda  ·  Claude-Bénigne Balbastre  ·  Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel  ·  Johann Friedrich Reichardt  ·  Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier  ·  André Ernest Modeste Grétry  ·  Giovanni Simone Mayr  ·  Georg Joseph Vogler  ·  Johann Anton André
Periods Classical
Forms Aria / Arietta  ·  Bagatelle  ·  Ballade  ·  Books  ·  Cantata  ·  Canzona  ·  Caprice  ·  Compilation  ·  Concerto  ·  Dance  ·  Etude  ·  Fantasy  ·  Fugue  ·  Funeral Music  ·  Gavotte  ·  Impromptu  ·  Intermezzi  ·  Invention  ·  March  ·  Minuet  ·  Overture  ·  Partita  ·  Piano piece  ·  Piece  ·  Polka  ·  Polonaise  ·  Potpourri  ·  Prelude  ·  Prelude (or other movement) and Fugue  ·  Quartet  ·  Romance  ·  Rondo  ·  Sacred Mass  ·  Scherzo  ·  Serenade / Divertimento / Cassation  ·  Sonata  ·  Sonatina  ·  Song  ·  Suite  ·  Symphony  ·  Tango  ·  Theme and Variations  ·  Toccata  ·  Transcription  ·  Trio  ·  Waltz