Piano / Theme and Variations music

The piano is a keyboard-based music instrument. Its versatility and pervasiveness, together with its polyphonic capabilities have made it one of the world's most employed instruments, and a crucial piece in the development of the Western musical tradition. It's name is a shortened form of 'pianoforte', terms which in Italian respectively mean 'soft' and 'loud', referring the fact that the pianoforte had the capability of producing variations in volume which previous keyboard instruments could not. Standard pianos have 52 white keys and 36 black ones, for a total of 88. They are chordophones: pressing any key activates a mechanism which makes a hammer strike a set of strings. The sound produced is amplified via the soundboard and body of the piano. Being one of the most influential instruments in the history of music, the piano has undergone many changes and technological innovations, from the insertion of the damper and tonal pedals, to the creation of electric, electronic, and digital pianos.
Title Composer Form Period Ratings
3 Exercises and 20 Variations Gino Tagliapietra Theme and Variations Early 20th Century
3 Lays of the People, Op.10 Charles Wels Theme and Variations Romantic
3 Paraphrasen über 'Tristan und Isolde' Carl Tausig Theme and Variations Romantic
3 Thèmes favorits de l'opera 'Preciosa', Op.53 Friedrich Kuhlau Theme and Variations Romantic
3 Themes variés, Op.34 Johann Nepomuk Hummel Theme and Variations Classical
5 Variations on "Salve tu Domine", K.398/416e Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Theme and Variations Classical
6 Variations in F major, K.54 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Theme and Variations Classical
6 Variations in F major, Op.34 Ludwig van Beethoven Theme and Variations Romantic
6 Variations on 'Der Vogelfänger bin ich ja' Josephine Aurnhammer Theme and Variations Classical
6 Variations on the Theme B-A-C-H, Op.10 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Theme and Variations Romantic
6 Variations sur l'air de Naga de "Samori", Op.6 Carl Maria von Weber Theme and Variations Romantic
6 Variations sur un thème original, Op.2 Carl Maria von Weber Theme and Variations Romantic
7 Variations on "Willem von Nassau", K.25 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Theme and Variations Classical
7 Variations sur la romance "À peine au sortir", Op.28 Carl Maria von Weber Theme and Variations Romantic
7 Variations sur l’air "Vien quà, Dorina bella", Op.7 Carl Maria von Weber Theme and Variations Romantic
7 Variations sur un chant tzigane, Op.55 Carl Maria von Weber Theme and Variations Romantic
7 Variations sur un thème original, Op.9 Carl Maria von Weber Theme and Variations Romantic
8 Variations on a Danish Song, Op.16 Friedrich Kuhlau Theme and Variations Classical
8 Variations on "Come un agnello", K.460/454a Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Theme and Variations Classical
8 Variations on "Dieu d'amour", K.352/374c Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Theme and Variations Classical