The piano developed during the 18th century, and since then it has dominated the field of keyboard instruments and become one of the most important instruments in our musical tradition. Naturally it was paired with the orchestra -the other basic vehicle for music composition in Western tradition. Compositions for piano and orchestra can take the form of a concerto, where the piano plays a soloist role against the mass of the ensemble, or any other form where the piano works as part of the orchestra itself.
|Popular composers||Ludwig van Beethoven · Johann Sebastian Bach · Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart · Frédéric Chopin · Felix Mendelssohn · Edvard Grieg · Johannes Brahms · Franz Liszt · Franz Joseph Haydn · Maurice Ravel · Sergei Rachmaninoff · Camille Saint-Saëns · Robert Schumann · Sergei Prokofiev · César Franck · Edward MacDowell · Moritz Moszkowski|
|Periods||Baroque · Classical · Early 20th Century · Late 19th century · Romantic|
|Forms||Caprice · Concerto · Suite · Symphonic Pieces · Theme and Variations|