Sonata music

A sonata is a work in three or four movements (rarely two, or more than four) for a single instrument or a small number of performers. The term evolved through the history of music, designating a variety of forms prior to the Classical era. By the early 19th century the word came to define a multi movement work, almost always including a first movement in the so called 'sonata form', a second movement of a slow, contrasting character; a dance for third movement, and a finale in a rondo, theme and variations, or sonata form. The term 'sonata form' refers to the layout of the first movement of a sonata, which confronts two main themes of different quality, develops them and then recapitulates. This soon became a basic principle in academic music writing. It was applied to many forms of large works, and, together with the fugue, defined the composition and musical analysis procedures for almost a century. Today it is still widely studied, and sonatas continued to be written, even if musical languages have changed.
TitleComposerInstrumentPeriodRatings
Sonata no. 5 in G, K. 283 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Classical
Arpeggione Sonata, D. 821 Franz Schubert Solo Instrument and Piano Romantic
Piano Sonata no. 26 in E flat 'Les adieux', Op. 81a Ludwig van Beethoven Piano Romantic
Piano Sonata in A major D. 664 Franz Schubert Piano Romantic
Piano Sonata No. 19 in G Minor, Op. 49 No. 1 Ludwig van Beethoven Piano Romantic
Cello Sonata Claude Debussy Solo Instrument and Piano Early 20th Century
Piano Sonata no. 29 in Bb 'Hammerklavier', Op. 106 Ludwig van Beethoven Piano Romantic
Sonata for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 167 Camille Saint-Saëns Piano Early 20th Century
Piano Sonata no. 20 in A, D. 959 Franz Schubert Piano Romantic
Sonata for Piano Four-Hands in C, K. 521 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano 4 hands Classical
Piano Sonata no. 7, K. 309 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Classical
Cello Sonata in Em, RV 40 Antonio Vivaldi Solo Instrument and Piano Baroque
Piano Sonata no. 9 in E major, Op. 14 no. 1 Ludwig van Beethoven Piano Classical
Piano Sonata no. 3 in Bm, Op. 58 Frédéric Chopin Piano Romantic
Keyboard Sonata in B minor, K. 27 Domenico Scarlatti Harpsichord Baroque
Sonata in Fm, K. 466 Domenico Scarlatti Piano Baroque
Violin sonata no. 5 in F ''Spring'', Op. 24 Ludwig van Beethoven Solo Instrument and Piano Romantic
Piano Sonata no. 14, K. 457 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Classical
Piano Sonata no. 6 in F, Op. 10 no. 2 Ludwig van Beethoven Piano Classical
Violin sonata no. 21, K. 304 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Solo Instrument and Piano Classical
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Popular composers Johann Sebastian Bach  ·  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ·  Ludwig van Beethoven  ·  Frédéric Chopin  ·  Franz Schubert  ·  Johannes Brahms  ·  Franz Liszt  ·  Claude Debussy  ·  Franz Joseph Haydn  ·  Felix Mendelssohn  ·  Georg Friedrich Händel  ·  Antonio Vivaldi  ·  Camille Saint-Saëns  ·  Robert Schumann  ·  Edvard Grieg  ·  Gabriel Fauré  ·  Sergei Rachmaninoff  ·  Domenico Scarlatti  ·  Edward Elgar  ·  Sergei Prokofiev  ·  Various  ·  Henry Purcell  ·  Gioachino Antonio Rossini  ·  Max Reger  ·  Georg Philipp Telemann  ·  Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach  ·  Tomaso Albinoni  ·  Niccolò Paganini  ·  Muzio Clementi  ·  Richard Strauss  ·  César Franck  ·  Gaetano Donizetti  ·  Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke  ·  Anton Rubinstein  ·  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  ·  Josef Gabriel Rheinberger  ·  Ottorino Respighi  ·  Sigfrid Karg-Elert  ·  Carl Friedrich Abel  ·  Alessandro Rolla  ·  Johann Christoph Pezel  ·  Ignaz Moscheles  ·  Domenico Cimarosa  ·  Arcangelo Corelli  ·  Baldassare Galuppi  ·  Denis Pisarevsky  ·  Leoš Janáček  ·  Benedetto Marcello  ·  Michael Haydn  ·  Alban Berg
Instruments Bassoon  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Clarinet  ·  Flute  ·  Harpsichord  ·  Oboe  ·  Open Instrumentation  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano 4 hands  ·  Solo instrument and Continuo  ·  Solo Instrument and Piano  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  String Quartet  ·  Trumpet  ·  Viola  ·  Viola da gamba  ·  Violin
Periods 20th Century  ·  21st Century  ·  Baroque  ·  Classical  ·  Early 20th Century  ·  Late 19th century  ·  Romantic