Concerto music

A concerto is a musical composition, often in more than one movement, in which one or more solo instruments play along an orchestra (or some other comparatively big instrumental force). The etimology of the word suggests that the soloist(s) and the ensemble develop the piece by presenting contrasting episodes where they play independently, in cooperation, and in different levels of subordination. The concerto, as understood today, arose in the Baroque era with the 'concerto grosso', a musical form where a small group of players contrasted against a bigger orchestra. While the concerto grosso eventually declined, the solo concerto remains one of the most popular musical forms in Western classical music. Having successfully survived through many the periods of Western classical music history, the Concerto underwent many formal changes. It is conventional, if only as a basic definition, to say that the concerto is usually a multi movement work, of which the first movement is roughly structured around the allegro-sonata form (even if Mozart himself treated his concertos with notable freedom in terms of formal development). The second movement of a concerto, as in the sonata/symphonic tradition, is usually slow and contrasts with the first one. It can be in an abridged sonata form, a romance, a set of theme and variations, etc. The third movement will traditionally return to the home key in lively tempo, usually in the form of a dance, rondo, etc.
TitleComposerInstrumentPeriodRatings
Bassoon Concerto in F major, KapM Jiranek 18 František Jiránek Bassoon Baroque
Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85 Edward Elgar Cello Early 20th Century
Cello Concerto no. 1 in C major, Hob. VIIb:1 Franz Joseph Haydn Cello Classical
4 Concerti for 4 Violins, TWV 40: 201-204 Georg Philipp Telemann Chamber group Baroque
12 Concertos à cinque, Op.7 Tomaso Albinoni Chamber group Baroque
Concerto for 2 Harpsichords in C, BWV. 1061 Johann Sebastian Bach Chamber group Baroque
Concerto for 2 oboes in F major, Op. 9 no. 3 Tomaso Albinoni Chamber group Baroque
Concerto for 2 oboes in F major, Op. 9 no. 3 (2 trumpets and organ arr.) Tomaso Albinoni Chamber group Baroque
Concerto for Violin, Piano and String Quartet in D, Op. 21 Ernest Chausson Chamber group Late 19th century
Concerto in B, Op.10, No.5, 1, 4 Antonio Vivaldi Chamber group Classical
Flute Concerto in G major Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Chamber group Baroque
Clarinet Concertino in E flat major, Op. 26 Carl Maria von Weber Clarinet Romantic
Clarinet Concerto Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Clarinet Romantic
Clarinet Concerto in A major, K. 622 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Clarinet Classical
Clarinet Concerto no. 1 in F minor, Op. 73 Carl Maria von Weber Clarinet Romantic
Double Bass Concerto no. 2 in B minor Giovanni Bottesini Double bass Romantic
Harpsichord Concerto no. 7 in G minor, BWV 1058 Johann Sebastian Bach Harpsichord Baroque
Italian Concerto, BWV. 971 Johann Sebastian Bach Harpsichord Baroque
Horn Concerto no. 1 in D major, K. 412, 514 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Horn Classical
The Vivaldi Concerto Antonio Vivaldi N/A Classical
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Instruments Bassoon  ·  Cello  ·  Chamber group  ·  Clarinet  ·  Double bass  ·  Harpsichord  ·  Horn  ·  N/A  ·  Oboe  ·  Orchestra  ·  Organ  ·  Piano  ·  Piano and orchestra  ·  Recorder  ·  Solo Instrument(s) and Orchestra  ·  String Orchestra  ·  Trumpet  ·  Violin
Periods 20th Century  ·  Baroque  ·  Classical  ·  Early 20th Century  ·  Late 19th century  ·  Romantic