Thomas Philander Ryder was an American composer, organist, teacher, conductor, and organ builder.
Ryder was born in Cohasset, Massachusetts. He studied with Gustav Satter before taking a post as a church organist in Hyannis. From 1879 he served at the Tremont Temple in Boston. He also served as choirmaster and teacher, and compiled anthologies of sacred and secular partsongs. He was also popular as a composer of hymns and parlor pieces for piano. He died in Somerville, Massachusetts.