11th February 1708
11th June 1775
Egidio Romualdo Duni was an Italian composer who studied in Naples and worked in Italy,France and London, writing both Italian and French operas.
Duni was taught music by his father, Francesco Duni, and two sisters. At the age of nine, he was accepted at theConservatorio di Santa Maria di Loreto, near Naples. There he worked with Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Giovanni Paisiello, and other masters of Italian opera.
His first success was with the opera Nerone presented at the Rome Carnival in 1735. Thereafter he was in London (Demofoonte, 1737), returning to Italy where he eventually became maestro di cappella in Parma in 1749.
The latter part of his career was spent in France where he played a key role in the development of the Comédie mêlée d'ariettes (an early form of opéra comique), with such works as Le peintre amoureux de son modèle (Paris, 1757), La fée Urgèle (Fontainebleau, 1765), and L'école de la jeunesse (Paris, 1765).
He died in Paris.