The Viola da Gamba, also called Viol, is a family of bowed, fretted, and stringued instruments that were very popular duyring the Baroque and Renaissance periods. Although some viols may resemble cellos, they are different from instruments of the violin family: their backs are flat rather tan curved, they feature C holes instead of F holes, and have, in general, more than five strings. Additionally, they employ a different tuning ssystem: in fourths with a third in the middle -like a lute- rather than in fifths. They have marked frets and are usually played using an underhand bow grip.
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27 Pieces for Bass Viol Viola da Gamba Sonata in G major, WK 155 Pièces de viole, Livre IV Pièces de viole, Livre II 3 Sonatas for Viola da Gamba and Harpsichord, BWV 1027-1029
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