Piano

The piano is a keyboard-based music instrument. Its versatility and pervasiveness, together with its polyphonic capabilities have made it one of the world's most employed instruments, and a crucial piece in the development of the Western musical tradition. It's name is a shortened form of 'pianoforte', terms which in Italian respectively mean 'soft' and 'loud', referring the fact that the pianoforte had the capability of producing variations in volume which previous keyboard instruments could not. Standard pianos have 52 white keys are 36 black ones, for a total of 88. They are chordophones: pressing any key activates a mechanism which makes a hammer strike a set of strings. The sound produced is amplified via the soundboard and body of the piano. Being one of the most influential instruments in the history of music, the piano has undergone many changes and technological innovations, from the insertion of the damper and tonal pedals, to the creation of electric, electronic, and digital pianos.

Composers

Joseph-Adolphe Defoy Abel Decaux Abraham Tena Manrique Achilles Alferaki Adam Wright Adam Wroński Addison P. Wyman Adhemar Decq Adolf Frey Adolf Jensen Adolf Martin Foerster Adolfo Fumagalli Adolfo Zabala Adolph Baumbach Adolph Gluck Adolphé Abig Adolphe Adam Adolphe David Adolphe Deslandres Adrian Dahl Adrien Talexy Agathe Backer-Grøndahl Ákos Buttykay Alba Rosa Viëtor Alban Berg Alban Förster Albert Roussel Albert Biehl Albert Combaud Albert Corbin Albert D. Allin Albert Ellmenreich Albert Ernest Wier Albert Hermann Dietrich Albert Ketèlbey Albert W. Berg Albert Wimpfheimer Alberto Agrati Alberto Cotó Alberto Nepomuceno Alberto Williams Albertsberger Aleksandr Alyabyev Aleksandr Chesnokov Aleksandr Dargomyzhsky Aleksandr Glazunov Aleksandr Varlamov Aleksandr Veprik Alessandro Amato Alessandro Favier Alessandro Parisotti Alessandro Scarlatti Alexander Borodin Alexander Dreyschock Alexander Fesca Alexander Julius Paul Dorn Alexander Scriabin Alexander Siloti Alexander Villoing Alexander von Fielitz Alexander von Zemlinsky Alexander Winterberger Alexandre Charles Fessy Alexandre Croisez Alexandre Daussoigne-Méhul Alexandre Dubuque Alexandre Tansman Alexandre-Pierre-François Boëly Alexis Chauvet Alexis Contant Alexis de Castillon Alexis-Henri Fissot Alfonso Broqua Alfred Ahlborn Alfred Crombé Alfred Dörffel Alfred E. Warren Alfred Ferdinand Christensen Alfred Quidant Alfredo Barili Alfredo Catalani Alfredo D'Ambrosio Algernon Ashton Alice Danziger Alice Ellen Charbonnet Allen Dodworth Alonzo Judson Abbey Alphons Czibulka Alphonse Catherine Amies Amilcare Zanella Amy Marcy Beach Anatole Bernardel Anatoly Lyadov André Caplet André Ernest Modeste Grétry Ángel Gregorio Villoldo Angelo Bottagisio Angelo Cunio Angheluș Dinicu Anna Bon Anna von Buttlar-Stubenberg Anna-Louise Egeberg Annie T. Weston Anthony Young Anthony J. Davis Antoine Dornel Antoine Forqueray Anton Arensky Anton Bemetzrieder Anton Berlyn Anton Bruckner Anton Deprosse Anton Diabelli Anton Dianov Anton Eberl Anton Fahrbach Anton Reicha Anton Rubinstein Anton Webern Antonín Dvořák Antonio Valente Antonio Barili Antonio Botti Antonio De Anguera Antonio de Cabezón António Fragoso Antonio José Cappa Antonio Soler Antonio Vivaldi Aram Khachaturian Aram Chatschaturjan Arcangelo Corelli Archippe Yepmou Aristide Farrenc Armand-Louis Couperin Arndt Felix Arnold Bax Arnold Schoenberg Arnold Volpe Árpád Doppler Artem Andreasyan Arthur Fields Arthur Adams Arthur Battelle Whiting Arthur Carreras Arthur de Greef Arthur Foote Arthur H. Bird Arthur Henry Brown Arthur Honegger Arthur L. Brown Arthur Sullivan Arthur W. Bauer Arthur Willner Arvid Kleven Arvo Pärt August Ahrens August Bournonville August Bungert August de Boeck August Doepp August Walther Augusta Browne Auguste Collmann Auguste Cœdès Auguste Dupont Auguste Durand Auguste Vincent Baldassare Galuppi Baron de Coriolis Bedřich Smetana Béla Vágvölgyi Béla Bartók Bendix Friedrich Zinck Benedetto Marcello Beniamino Cesi Benjamin Carr Benjamin Dale Benjamin Dwight Allen Bennie Benjamin Benny Davis Bernard de Bury Bernard Franklin Bernard van Dieren Bernard-Louis Crocé-Spinelli Bernardino Valle Chinestra Bernhard Courlander Bernhard Wolff Bernhard Ziehn Bert Lee Fulton Bert R. Anthony Berthold Damcke Blas María de Colomer Bob Alden Bohuslav Martinů Bonifazio Asioli Boris Asafyev Bosissio Botho Sigwart zu Eulenburg C. A. Aadler C. A. Adler C. Albrecht C. Cooper C. D. Abbott C. F. Artes C. L. Eby C. W. Durkee Caecile Camille Chevillard Camille Saint-Saëns Cándido Candi Carl August Nielsen Carl Baermann Jr. Carl Banck Carl Bohm Carl Chesneau Carl Czerny Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Carl Doppler Carl Erfolg Carl Faelten Carl Faust Carl Fettweiss Carl Frühling Carl Gottfried Warmuth Carl Gottlieb Reissiger Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke Carl Heinrich Weber Carl Joseph Brambach Carl Loewe Carl Maria von Weber Carl Nielsen Carl O. Edelman Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Carl Tausig Carl Venth Carl Wagner Carl Warmuth Carl Zenneck Carlo Albanesi Carlo Alboni Carlo Antonio Campioni Carlo Cotumacci Carlo Gesualdo Carlos Alvarez Carolus Aggházy Catharinus Elling Cecil Baumer Cecil Walters Cécile Chaminade Cécile Ciolfi César Cui César Franck Cesare Celani Çesk Zadeja Charles Zeuner Charles A. Zimmermann Charles Addison Daniell Charles Ancliffe Charles Auchester Charles Balmer Charles Bénet Charles Bordes Charles Chaulieu Jr. Charles Chaulieu Sr. Charles Collin Charles Coote Charles d' Albert Charles Delioux Charles Demars Charles Drumheller Charles Dupee Blake Charles F. Albert Charles F. Blandner Charles Ferlus Charles Fradel Charles Gounod Charles Ives Charles le Corbeiller Charles Mayer Charles Mortimer Wiske Charles N. Daniels Charles Samuel Bovy-Lysberg Charles T. F Frey Charles Villiers Stanford Charles Vollweiler Charles Voss Charles Wakefield Cadman Charles Wels Charles-Augustin Collin Charles-Marie Widor Charles-Valentin Alkan Charley Baker Chiquinha Gonzaga Chris Smith Christian Bering Christian Cappelen Christian Erbach Christian Friedrich Witt Christian Traugott Brunner Christoph Bach Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse Christoph Graupner Clara Schumann Clarence S. Wallace Claude Debussy Claude-Bénigne Balbastre Clemens Schultze Clifford Adams Clifton Worsley Coloman Chován Conrad Ansorge Conradin Kreutzer Constant Van de Wall Constantin Bürgel Cornelius Heinrich Dretzel Costantino De Crescenzo Costas Anastassopoulos Cramer - Pseudonym Cuthbert F. Whitemore Cyril Scott Dámaso Zabalza Daniel Gregory Mason Daniel Léo Simpson Daniel Webster Crist Daryle Stephen Ackerman David Braham David Raksin David Toub Denis Pisarevsky Dom Pedro I Domenico Zipoli Domenico Alberti Domenico Cimarosa Domenico Corri Domenico Scarlatti Dorothy Albery Duane Crabb Dudley Buck Dufour E. B. Bacon Eben Howe Bailey Edgar A. Brazelton Edgar Barratt Edgar Leslie Bainton Edgardo del Valle de Paz Edmond Audran Edmond Dédé Edmond-Nathan Yafil Edmund Abesser Edmund Neupert Édouard Broustet Édouard Cazaneuve Edouard Chavagnat Edouard Croze-Magnan Edouard de Vivien Édouard Deransart Edouard Destenay Édouard Dumas Édouard Lalo Édouard Wolff Eduard Biehl Eduardo di Capua Edvard Grieg Edward Ambuhl Edward Elgar Edward L. Walker Edward MacDowell Edward Morris Bowman Edward Shippen Barnes Edward Wittich Egon Kornauth Elbert Anderson Elfrida Andrée Élie Miriam Delaborde Elise Wiel Ellis Daly Emanuel Aloys Förster Emanuel Bach Emanuel de Beaupuis Emanuel Moór Emerson Whithorne Emil Eule Émile Bernard Émile Bourgeois Emile Chizat Émile Desgranges Emile Ettling Émile Forgues Émile Pessard Émile Waldteufel Émile Wesly Emile-Robert Blanchet Emma Bascans Emma Dahl Emma Louise Ashford Emmanuel Chabrier Emmanuel Comboul Emmanuel Rhené-Baton Emmanuele Nutile Engelbert Humperdinck Enrique Barrera Enrique Granados Erich Richard Band Erik Satie Erika Bodom Erkki Melartin Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Ernest Austin Ernest Bloch Ernest Bristow Farrar Ernest Bryson Ernest Bucalossi Ernest Chausson Ernest Cury Ernest Harry Adams Ernest Zoeller Ernesto A. L. Coop Ernesto Becucci Ernesto Drangosch Ernesto Lecuona Ernesto Medina Elorduy Ernesto Nazareth Ernst Böttcher Ernst Eichner Ernst Pauer Ernst Rudorff Ernst Wilhelm Wolf Eugen d' Albert Eugen Drobisch Eugene Anthiome Eugène Damaré Eugène-Joseph Courjon Euphemia Allen Everett L. Baker Eyvind Alnæs F. E. Vanderbeck F. R. Wenger Fanny Hensel Fartein Valen Fedele Fenaroli Federico Guzmán Frías Federico Mompou Félicien David Felipe Espino Felipe Villanueva Felix Blumenfeld Felix Chaudoir Felix Draeseke Felix Dreyschock Félix Dumont Félix Fourdrain
Felix Mendelssohn Felix Vom Rath Felix Weingartner Ferdinand Hummel Ferdinand Beyer Ferdinand de Croze Ferdinand Quentin Dulcken Ferdinand Ries Ferdinando Bonamici Fernando Callejo Ferruccio Busoni Filippo Fasanotti Florence Newell Barbour Florent Schmitt Florenz Ziegfeld Florian Pascal Foulds John Francesco Durante Francesco Ferraris Francesco Florimo Francesco Nicola Fago Francesco Paolo Frontini Francis Chassaigne Françis Coye Francis Edward Bache Francis Henry Brown Francis Herring Francis Poulenc Francisco Alió Franciscus Bossinensis Franciszek Brzeziński François Couperin François d' Agincour Frank Adlam Frank Bridge Frank D. B. Byng Frank P. Atherton Franklin Morris Class Frans Louis Wiemans František Xaver Chotek František Xaver Dušek Franz Abt Franz Anton Hoffmeister Franz Behr Franz Bendel Franz Berwald Franz Bühler Franz Doppler Franz Joseph Haydn Franz Liszt Franz Schubert Franz Von Suppé Franz Wustmann Fred Ahlert Fred T. Ashton Fred T. Baker Frederic Abel Frédéric Brisson Frédéric Chopin Frédéric d' Erlanger Frédéric Wachs Frédéric-Augustin Binet Frederick Ayres Frederick Brandeis Frederick Delius Frederick L. Crane Frederick Zech Frederik van Werkhoven Fredrikke Egeberg Freixanet Fridolin Braungardt Friedrich Kiel Friedrich Baumfelder Friedrich Burgmüller Friedrich Grützmacher Friedrich Kuhlau Friedrich Ludwig Aemilius Kunzen Friedrich Max Anton Friedrich von Wickede Friedrich Wieck Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow Friedrich Zikoff Fritz Zierau G. M. Adamson G. W. Adams G. Weingarten Gabriel Baille Gabriel Bunel Gabriel Dupont Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Grovlez Gabriel Pierné Gaetano Braga Gaetano Corticelli Gaetano Ferdinando Foschini Gaspar Espinosa Gaston Salvayre Gatien Marcailhou Genaro Codina Georg Böhm Georg Capellen Georg Eggeling Georg Forster Georg Friedrich Händel Georg Joseph Vogler Georg Philipp Telemann George Anderson George Antheil George Arthur Barker George Barker of Boston George Berg George Enescu George Felix Benkert George Frederick Bristow George Frederick Pinto George Frederick West George Gershwin George Hendrik Witte George Henschel George Job Elvey George L. Cobb George L. Wells George Nelson Allen George Schleiffarth George T. Evans George Whitefield Chadwick George William Warren Georges Bizet Georges Auric Georges Bachmann Georges Bull Georges Charton Georges Chevignard Georges Cuvelard Georgy Catoire Germain Chevallier Gerrard Williams Gervais-François Couperin Géza Zichy Giacomo Carissimi Giacomo Gotifredo Ferrari Giacomo Puccini Giano Brida Gilbert A. Alcock Giles Farnaby Gino Tagliapietra Gioachino Antonio Rossini Giovanni Battista Dalla Gostena Giovanni Battista Draghi Giovanni Battista Martini Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Giovanni Benedetto Platti Giovanni Bononcini Giovanni Francesco Anerio Giovanni Gabrieli Giovanni Luigi Bazzoni Giovanni Marco Rutini Giovanni Paolo Cima Giovanni Simone Mayr Girolamo Diruta Giulio Alary Giuseppe Buonamici Giuseppe Concone Giuseppe Ferrata Giuseppe Frugatta Giuseppe Verdi Giustino Barletta Gottlieb Christian Füger Granville Bantock Grenville Dean Wilson Guiseppe Ferraro Gustav Adolf Merkel Gustav Blessner Gustav Dippe Gustav Ehrlich Gustav Flügel Gustav Holst Gustav Krenkel Gustav Mahler Gustave Biloir Gustave Bley Gustave Cornisset Gyula Beliczay H. Augustus Pond H. Avery H. Brassin Halfdan Kjerulf Hans Bronsart von Schellendorff Hans Engelmann Hans Moritz von Brühl Hans von Aufsess Hans von Bülow Harald Fryklöf Harold Bauer Harry Drew Harry Thacker Burleigh Hartenack Otto Conrad Zinck Hartwig Albrecht Havergal Brian Hector Berlioz Heinrich Friedrich Enckhausen Heinrich Ludwig Egmont Dorn Heinrich von Herzogenberg Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst Heinrich Wohlfahrt Heitor Villa-Lobos Hélène Ciolacou Hélène Collin Henri Appy Henri Bertini Henri Cellot Henri Chollet Henri Cieutat Henri Condom Henri Cramer Henri Dallier Henri Duparc Henri Louis Charles Duvernoy Henri van den Abeelen Henrique Oswald Henry A. Allen Henry Bollman Henry Cohen Henry Du Mont Henry Eymieu Henry Maylath Henry Purcell Henry Rohbock Henry Rowley Bishop Henry Wolfgang Amadeus Beale Henry Woollett Hermann Adolf Wollenhaupt Hermann Bendix Hermann Berens Hermann Erler Hermann Fliege Hermann Wenzel Hernando de Cabezón Hettie M. Shiveley Austin Hippolyte Barbedette Hiram G. Barrus Hjalmar Borgstrøm Homer Newton Bartlett Horace Winfred Beek Howard Brockway Howard Chamberlain Hubert de Blanck Hughe Woolford Hugo Almeder Hugo Anson Hugo Daffner Hugo Kaun Hugo Reinhold Hugo Riesenfeld Hugo Wolf Hyacinthe Jadin I. De Dios Gonzalez Avila Ignacio Cervantes Ignacy Feliks Dobrzyński Ignacy Jan Paderewski Ignaz Brüll Ignaz Moscheles Ignaz von Beecke Igor Stravinsky Ilya Aizberg Irene Audain Isaac Albéniz Isaac Doles Isidor Ascher Isidore Witmark István Bartalus Ivan Caryll J. C. Adams J. C. Crozier J. Fabian J. Feyzeau J. Haydn Waud J. Willard Adams Jack Wells Jacob Henry Ellis Jacob Kunkel Jacopo Foroni Jacques Beers Jacques Blumenthal Jacques Champion de Chambonnières Jacques Chanaud Jacques Charlot Jacques Du Phly Jacques Durand Jacques Ibert Jacques Offenbach Jacques-Albert Anschütz Jacques-Louis Battmann Jacques-Marie Beauvarlet-Charpentier Jakob Zeugheer James Bellak James Hook James J. Freeman James M. Wehli James Melville Fulton James Reese Europe James Scott Jan Brandts Buys Jan Karol Gall Jan Ladislav Dussek Jan Václav Voříšek Jarosław Zieliński Jāzeps Vītols Jean Cras Jean de Chantérac Jean Sibelius Jean Vogt Jean-Baptiste Arban Jean-Baptiste Barrière Jean-Baptiste Buterne Jean-Baptiste Duvernoy Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Forqueray Jean-François Dandrieu Jean-Frédéric Edelmann Jean-Henri D'Anglebert Jean-Hippolyte Cousin Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier Jean-Philippe Rameau Jeanne Blancard Jehan Alain Jerald Franklin Archer Jeremiah Clarke Jesse Aerlyn-Crook Jesús Castillo Jiří Antonín Benda Joachim Andersen Joachim Raff Joan Baptista Pujol João Domingos Bomtempo Joaquim Casimiro Jr. Joaquín María Vehils Joaquín Turina Joel Engel Johan Agrell Johan Henrich Berlin Johann Anton André Johann Baptist Cramer Johann Baptist Vanhal Johann Bernhard Bach Johann Carl Eschmann Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer Johann Christian Bach Johann Christian Fischer Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach Johann Döcker Johann Ernst Bach Johann Fiala Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel Johann Friedrich Agricola Johann Friedrich Reichardt Johann Georg Albrechtsberger Johann Georg Witthauer Johann Gottfried Vierling Johann Gottfried Weiske Johann Gotthilf Ziegler Johann Gottlob Werner Johann Heinrich Buttstett Johann Hermann Schein Johann Jacob Froberger Johann Kaspar Aiblinger Johann Ludwig Böhner Johann Nepomuk Hummel Johann Nikolaus Forkel Johann Pachelbel Johann Samuel Endler Johann Sebastian Bach Johann Strauss Jr Johann Strauss Sr Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda Johann Wilhelm Wilms Johannes Brahms Johannes Christian Beurle John Baietti John Bennett John Bull John Burton John C. Andrews John Carlowitz Ames John Christopher Pepusch John Field John Francis Barnett John Freckleton Burrowes John French John Goldthwait Adams John J. Fitzpatrick John Liptrot Hatton John M. Abbot John Parsons Beach John Stepan Zamecnik John Thomas Douglass John Weldon John Wiegand John Worgan John Zundel John-Henri Croisier José André José Balart José Comellas José de Cor-de-Lass José Vianna da Motta Josef Bayer Josef Fahrbach Josef Gabriel Rheinberger Josef Löw Josef Suk Josef Weiss Josef Zöhrer Joseph Ascher Joseph Batta Joseph Béesau Joseph Benedikt Zyka Joseph Canteloube Joseph Dale Joseph Dessauer Joseph Doppler Joseph Frike Joseph Gossec Joseph H. Adams Joseph Jongen Joseph Mayseder Joseph Mazzinghi Joseph Siegmund Bachmann Joseph Teodor Vilar Joseph Woelfl Josephine Aurnhammer Josquin Des prez Josse Boutmy Józef Elsner Józef Wybicki Juan Arribas y Arribas Juan Bautista Alberdi Juan Crisóstomo de Arriaga Juan Morel Campos Jules Bénard Jules Cazenaud Jules Clémandh Jules Cohen Jules Cordin Jules Danbé Jules Daniel Jules Egghard Jules Massenet Jules Vasseur Julián Aguirre Julian Fontana Julián Santos Carrión
Julie Candeille Julius Benedict Julius Cyriax Julius Reubke Julius Weismann Juliusz Zarębski Justin Clérice Juventino Rosas Jørgen Ditleff Bondesen K. Dreyschock Karl Adolf Lorenz Karl Anton Florian Eckert Karl Goldmark Karl Heinrich Döring Karl Michael Ziehrer Karl Wehle Karl Wendl Karl Zuschneid Karol Szymanowski Katarzyna Brochocka Kate Vannah Kathleen Bruckshaw Kecskeméthy Géza Döme Komitas Vardapet Konstantin Antipov Kosti Vehanen L. Elsen L. Thayer Chadwick Lambert Chaumont László Zimay Laura de Carvalhaes Laure Fonta Laurent Ceillier Leander Fisher Lech Chojecki Léo Delibes Leo Friedman Leó Weiner Léon Boëllmann Léon Delahaye Léon Dufils Léon Waldteufel Leonard Butler Leonardo Mantovani Albergoni Leopoldo Miguez Leoš Janáček Leroy Anderson Lili Boulanger Lionel A. Alexander Liveretto Ferretti Lothar Windsperger Louis A. Drumheller Louis Adam Louis Adolphe Coerne Louis Aubert Louis Bödecker Louis Brassin Louis Campbell-Tipton Louis César Desormes Louis Charles Elson Louis Combes Louis Couperin Louis Cramer Louis de Croze Louis Diémer Louis Gobbaerts Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély Louis Moreau Gottschalk Louis Sauter Louis Schindelmeisser Louis Spohr Louis Vierne Louis Wallis Louis Zeise Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray Louis-Claude Daquin Louis-Désiré Besozzi Louis-Nicolas Clerambault Louise Chouquet Louise Farrenc Lucien Chevaillier Lucien Durand Lucien-Marie Aube Lucy A. Ayer Ludvig Birkedal-Barfod Ludvig Schytte Ludwig Zerkowitz Ludwig Zöschinger Ludwig Berger Ludwig Eckel Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig Wilhelm Tepper von Ferguson Luigi Arditi Luigi Cherubini Luis Antonio Calvo Luis Foglietti Alberola M. A. Dennis M. Aledo M. Aspinall M. P. Alexander Maarten Smit Mabel Hyde Bourne Maciej Żołnowski Madame Coedes-Mongin Manuel Ponce Manuel Alejandre Prada Manuel Blasco de Nebra Manuel de Falla Marcelo Boasso Marcial del Adalid Marco Enrico Bossi Marco Facoli Marguerite Casalonga Maria Collard Marianne Auenbrugger Marie de Cournand Marie Durocher Marie-Joséphine de Comarieu de Montalembert Marie-Thérèse de Corvaïa Marius Boullard Marius Carman Mark Alburger Mary Anne Roper Wragg Mary E. Walsh Mary J. Anguera Mateo Antonio Pérez de Albéniz Mathilde Bilbro Matteo Carcassi Matthew Camidge Matthias Weckmann Matvey Ivanovich Bernard Maurice Blazy Maurice Decourcelle Maurice Duhamel Maurice Emmanuel Maurice Ravel Max Battke Max Bruch Max Erdmannsdörfer Max Reger Max Vogrich Maxime Alkan Mel Bonis Melecio Brull Michael Connelly Michael Zadora Michał Bergson Michał Zawadzki Michel Corrette Michel Rondeau Michele Esposito Miguel Ramón Arena Rodríguez Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis Mikhail Antsev Mikhail Azanchevsky Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka Mildred Adair Miles Coyle Milo Ellsworth Benedict Mily Balakirev Modest Mussorgsky Moritz Moszkowski Moritz Vogel Mortimer Wilson Mrs. Crosby Adams Mrs. St. John Adcock Muzio Clementi N. V. Bacon Nacio Brown Nannie Louise Wright Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli Niccolò Paganini Nicolai von Wilm Nicolas Chamié Nicolò Celega Niels Gade Nikolai Zhilyayev Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Nikolay Amani Nikolay Artsybushev Nils Chrisander Norbert Burgmüller O. S. Adams Octave Crémieux Olaf Emil Eriksen Ole Bull Oreste Ravanello Orlando Gibbons Osborne Edmundson Oscar Beringer Oscar Borg Óscar de la Cinna Oscar Fetrás Oscar Wagner Oscar Weil Otto Bonnell Otto Dorn Otto Dresel Otto Nicolai Otto Winter-Hjelm Ottorino Respighi P Beaumont P Zavadowsky Pablo de Sarasate Pandora Selfridge Paul B. Armstrong Paul Bahr Paul Barbot Paul Bazelaire Paul Bernard Paul Blumenthal Paul Chabeaux Paul Colberg Paul Cuzent Paul Decourcelle Paul Dedieu-Péters Paul Dukas Paul Juon Paul Nero Paul Pabst Paul Vidal Paul von Klenau Paul Wachs Paul Zilcher Pedro Humberto Allende Per Lasson Per Winge Percy Eastman Fletcher Percy Elliott Percy Grainger Percy Wenrich Peter August Peter Benoît Peter Cavallo Peter Henri van der Weyde Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter Philip Mathias Wolsieffer Philipp Fahrbach Jr. Philipp Fahrbach Sr. Philipp Jakob Riotte Philipp Scharwenka Philipp Weiser Philippe Courras Pierre Attaingnant Pierre Coindreau Pierre de Bréville Pierre Février Pierre-Claude Foucquet Pietro Chiarina Pietro Codini Pietro Floridia Pietro Yon Platon Brounoff Polibio Fumagalli Pompilio Casotti Prosper Coinquet Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky R. Albert R. H. Agar Rafael Aceves y Lozano Rafael Cebreros Raffaele Billema Raffaele d' Alessandro Rainer Winkelmann Ralph Dunstan Ralph Vaughan Williams Ramon Aquabella Raoul Chassain Raoul Dubuisseaux Renato Brogi Renaud de Vilbac René Chansarel René Chesnet René Favarger Reynaldo Hahn Ricardo Castro Ricardo Ferreira De Carvalho Ricardo Porfyrio da Fonseca Ricardo Viñes Richard Zeckwer Richard Andersson Richard Bartmuss Richard Burmeister Richard Eilenberg Richard Franck Richard Kram Richard Strauss Richard Wagner Robert Bremner Robert Fischhof Robert Fuchs Robert Nathaniel Dett Robert Schumann Robert Volkmann Robert Vollstedt Roderich Bass Rodolphe Berger Roffredo Caetani Rogelio Villar Roger Ascham Roger de Francmesnil Rose Bravenz Roy Agnew Rudolf Bial Rudolf Braun Rudolf Drumm Rudolf Ewald Zingel Rudolf Willmers Rudolfus Adam Rudolph Aronson Ruggiero Leoncavallo Ruperto Chapí Ruth Dana S. M. Andreas Salomon Jadassohn Samuel Arnold Samuel Brenton Whitney Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Samuel II Bidermann Samuel Wesley Samuel Wise Scotson Clark Scott Joplin Sebastián Albero Selim Palmgren Semyon Barmotin Semyon Panchenko Septimus Winner Sergei Prokofiev Sergei Rachmaninoff Sergei Taneyev Sergey Yevseyev Sergey Yuferov Sigfrid Karg-Elert Sigismond Blumenfeld Sigismond Thalberg Sigismund Neukomm Sigizmund Zaremba Sigmund Romberg Sigrid Arneberg Simon Adler Simon Ernst Simon Fraser Sophia Maria Westenholz Stephane Ansons Stephen Albert Emery Stephen Foster Stephen Heller Steven Burns Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson Sydney Baynes Tad Fischer Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska Teresa Carreño Teresita Tagliapietra-Carreño Theodor Bubeck Theodor Döhler Theodor H. H. Verhey Theodor Kullak Theodore Akimenko Théodore Dubois Thérèse Wartel Thomas Valentine Thomas Augustine Arne Thomas Babou Thomas Baker Thomas Edward Bulch Thomas Hamly Butler Thomas Payne Westendorf Thomas Philando Ryder Thomas Wiggins Tito Mattei Tomás Adiego Navarro Tommaso Giordani Tor Aulin Ture Rangström V. Abrahams V. Alhan Valborg Aulin Valery Zhelobinsky Various Vasily Vrangel Vicente Costa Nogueras Victor Alphonse Duvernoy Victor Bendix Victor Champion Victor Dolmetsch Victor Dourlen Victor Herbert Victor Vreuls Vincent Vincent d' Indy Vincent Lubeck Vincenzo Amici Vincenzo Billi Vincenzo de Meglio Vladas Jakubėnas Volkmar Andreae Volkmar Busch W. M. Akhurst W. P. Badger Waddington Cooke Walter Braunfels Walter F. Craig Walter Miles Walter Niemann Wiktor Zientarski Wilhelm Aletter Wilhelm Berger Wilhelm Claussen Wilhelm Fitzenhagen Wilhelm Friedemann Bach Wilhelm Peterson-Berger Wilhelm Popp Wilhelm Stenhammar Will Wood Will. H. Veith Willem Coenen William André William Babell William Baettenhaussen William Baines William Brown William Byrd William Chappell William Conrad William Dressler William Duncombe William Edmund William Edwin Ashmall William Henry Dana William Horatio Clarke William Orville Fiske William P. Adams William R. Babcock William Rogers Chapman William Sterndale Bennett William Vincent Wallace Woldemar Bargiel Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Ebner Władisław Zaremba Władysław Zeleński Xaver Scharwenka Xavier van Elewyck Xinghai Xian Xoán Antelo Yevgeny Alenev Yihan Chen York Bowen Zdeněk Fibich Zequinha Abreu

Performers