Clarinet

The clarinet is a family of single-reed woodwind instruments, all sharing roughly the same cylindrical structure. The most common between these is the B♭clarinet, though the soprano clarinet and the clarinet in A are also very common in orchestral music. There are several other types of clarinets, between which the bass clarinet has prominence as it a usual addition to the standard orchestra. The word clarinet comes from the italian 'clarinetto', which is a diminutive of the term 'clarin'. This may mean clarion, trumpet ('clarino'), or oboe ('clarin' in Provençal). Today, the clarinet is used not only in academic music (orchestral, chamber, and solo), but also in bands, jazz, folk, and pop music.