Symphony

A symphony is a multi movement piece of music, most often written for a large instrumental force. The term has varied in meaning since its origins in ancient Greece. During the Baroque period, the terms symphony and sinfonia (its equivalent in some romance languages) were used to describe several instrumental forms, usually part of larger works (such as three part inventions). During the 18th century, the term symphony was often interchangeable with the term 'overture'. In fact, the fast-slow-fast structure of the Italian overture, together with the sonata form, exerted a big influence on the development of the 'traditional' or Romantic symphony form, which ultimately came to be defined as: an opening allegro movement in sonata form, a slow movement, a dance movement, and a second fast movement, usually a rondo or a set of theme+variations. During the Romantic period composers experimented with variations on this layout, and included programmatic elements into their symphonic compositions.

Composers

Albert Roussel Aleksandr Glazunov Alessandro Rolla Alessandro Stradella Alexander Borodin Alexander Scriabin Amy Marcy Beach Andrea Bernasconi Andrea Stefano Fioré Andrea Zani Antoine Dornel Anton Arensky Anton Bruckner Anton Eberl Anton Rubinstein Anton Webern Antonín Dvořák Antonio Boroni Antonio Botti Antonio Brioschi Antonio Rosetti Antonio Zen Arnold Bax Arnold Schoenberg Arthur H. Bird Arthur Honegger Augustin Barié Baldassare Galuppi Bernard Zweers Bohuslav Martinů Camille Saint-Saëns Carel Anton Fodor Carl August Cannabich Carl August Fischer Carl August Nielsen Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Carl Friedrich Abel Carl Friedrich Ebers Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke Carl Maria von Weber Carl Nielsen Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Carl Philipp Stamitz Carlo Ferrari Carlo Fiorelli Casimir Anton Cartellieri César Franck Çesk Zadeja Charles Burney Charles Gounod Charles Ives Charles Villiers Stanford Charles-Marie Widor Charles-Valentin Alkan Christian Cannabich Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse Christoph Förster Christoph Graupner Daniel Fleuret Denis Pisarevsky Domenico Dall'Oglio Ebenezer Prout Edmund Angerer Édouard Broustet Édouard Lalo Edvard Grieg Edward Elgar Edward Shippen Barnes Emanuel Moór Erich Wolf Degner Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Ernest Bloch Ernest Chausson Ernest Louis Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Ernst Eichner Ernst Rudorff Eugen d' Albert Eugène Cools Federigo Fiorillo Felice Frasi Félicien David Felix Draeseke Felix Mendelssohn Felix Weingartner Ferdinand Ries Ferdinand Zellbell Jr Ferdinand Zellbell Sr Francesco Araja Francisco António de Almeida Francisco Magalhães do Valle Francois Devienne Frank V. Van der Stucken Franz Anton Hoffmeister Franz Asplmayr
Franz Benda Franz Berwald Franz Ignaz Beck Franz Joseph Haydn Franz Krommer Franz Liszt Franz Schreker Franz Schubert Frédéric Chopin Frédéric Duvernoy Frederic Hymen Cowen Frederick II Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer Friedrich Witt Gabriel Pierné Gaudenzio Comi Georg Christoph Wagenseil Georg Friedrich Händel Georg Joseph Vogler George Enescu George Whitefield Chadwick Georges Bizet Giacomo Meyerbeer Giano Brida Gioacchino Cocchi Giovanni Varischino Giovanni Battista Bassani Giovanni Battista Ferrandini Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Giovanni Battista Vitali Giovanni Bononcini Giovanni D'Andrea Giovanni Francesco Brusa Giovanni Gabrieli Giovanni Verocai Giuseppe Valentini Giuseppe Antonio Brescianello Giuseppe Arrigo Giuseppe Colombi Giuseppe Maria Cambini Giuseppe Matteo Alberti Giuseppe Tartini Giuseppe Torelli Granville Bantock Gregor Joseph Werner Gustaf Düben Gustav Mahler Hans Hinrich Zielche Havergal Brian Hector Berlioz Heinrich Domnich Heinrich Esser Henri Dallier Herbert Straus Gardner Hermann Bischoff Hideaki Shichida Hildegard of Bingen Hugo Alfvén Hugo Daffner Ignatio Fiorillo Ignaz Brüll Ignaz Fränzl Ignaz Vitzthumb Jacques Aubert Jacques Ibert Jan Dismas Zelenka Jan Václav Voříšek Jean Delphin Alard Jean-Baptiste Davaux Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin Joachim Raff Johan Agrell Johan Daniel Berlin Johan David Zander Johan Halvorsen Johann Adam Johann Anton André Johann Anton Filtz Johann Baptist Vanhal Johann Christian Bach Johann Evangelist Brandl Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel Johann Friedrich Fasch Johann Georg Albrechtsberger Johann Georg Franz Waßmuth Johann Gottlieb Graun Johann Ignaz Beyer Johann Joseph Abert Johann Joseph Fux Johann Melchior Molter Johann Samuel Endler Johann Sebastian Bach Johann Stamitz Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda
Johann Wilhelm Wilms Johannes Brahms Johannes Frederik Frøhlich John Lodge Ellerton Josef Gabriel Rheinberger Josef Suk Joseph Anton Camerloher Joseph Bologne Saint-Georges Joseph Dall'Abaco Joseph Gossec Joseph Jongen Joseph Weigl Juan Crisóstomo de Arriaga Jules Massenet Karl Bleyle Karl Goldmark Karl Stamitz Karol Szymanowski Kurt Magnus Atterberg Leó Weiner Leopold Hofmann Lodovico da Viadana Louis Adam Louis James Alfred Lefébure-Wély Louis Moreau Gottschalk Louis Spohr Louis Vierne Ludwig van Beethoven Luigi Boccherini Luigi Cherubini Manuel Alejandre Prada Marc-Antoine Charpentier Mark Alburger Max Bruch Max Reger Michael Haydn Michel Corrette Michel Rondeau Michelangelo Biancolini Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka Mily Balakirev Muzio Clementi Nicola Antonio Porpora Niels Gade Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Nikolay Yusupov Norbert Burgmüller Pasquale Anfossi Paul Colberg Paul Dukas Paul Juon Paul Wranitzky Per Brant Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter Pietro Locatelli Pietro Chiarini Placidus von Camerloher Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky Ralph Vaughan Williams Remigius Falb René Louis Blin Richard Strauss Richard Wagner Robert Fuchs Robert Schumann Robert Volkmann Rudolph Bergh Sebastian Bodinus Sergei Prokofiev Sergei Rachmaninoff Sergei Taneyev Sergey Vasilenko Siegfried Wagner Sigismund Neukomm Simoni dall Croubelis Theodor Kullak Tomaso Albinoni Václav Vodička Various Vasily Zolotarev Victor Bendix Vincent Aloïse Amann Vincent d' Indy Vincenzo Bellini Wilhelm Berger Wilhelm Stenhammar Wilhelm Valentin Volckmar William Boyce William Sterndale Bennett Woldemar Bargiel Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Xaver Scharwenka Xinghai Xian Yasunori Sago