Etude

An étude (French for 'study') is a solo instrumental piece. Originally études were conceived as technical exercises, focusing on a particular technique and structured to work as practice material for perfecting a particular skill. During the 19th century, the growing popularity of the piano as a home instrument helped develop a tradition of etude-writing, that culminated with études becoming concert pieces. Nowadays, certain sets of études are still used in a pedagogical context (such as those by Sor, or Clementi), while études by composers such as Chopin, Liszt, or Debussy, have acquired a repertoire status, and proven to be among the most difficult pieces in the repertoire.

Composers

Emanuel de Beaupuis Emil Kreuz Emile-Robert Blanchet Emmanuel Rhené-Baton Ernest Depas Ernest Frederic Wagner Ernesto Drangosch Eugen d' Albert Eugene Anthiome Federigo Fiorillo Felix Blumenfeld Felix Mendelssohn Ferdinand Beyer Ferdinand Büchler Ferdinand David Ferdinand Quentin Dulcken Ferdinand Ries Ferdinando Bonamici Fernando Sor Ferruccio Busoni Florent Schmitt Francesco Molino Francisco Tárrega François Couperin François Joseph Dizi František Ondříček Franz Anton Hoffmeister Franz Berwald Franz Liszt Franz Schubert Franz Thaddäus Blatt Franz Wilhelm Ferling Franz Wohlfahrt Frédéric Chopin Frédéric Wachs Frederick L. Crane Friedrich Burgmüller Friedrich Dotzauer Friedrich Grützmacher Friedrich Wieck Fritz Kreisler Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Pierné Gasparo Sborgi Gaylord Yost Georg Carl Bohlmann Georg Eggeling George Elbridge Whiting George James Webb George Whitefield Chadwick Georges Cucuël Georgy Catoire Géza Zichy Giacobbe Basevi Cervetto Gilbert A. Alcock Gioachino Antonio Rossini Girolamo Crescentini Giulio Regondi Giuseppe Aprile Giuseppe Concone Giuseppe Ferrata Giuseppe Tartini Giustino Barletta Gottfried Weber Gustav Adolf Merkel Hans Fährmann Hans Wessely Hartenack Otto Conrad Zinck Heinrich Friedrich Enckhausen Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst Heitor Villa-Lobos Henri Bertini Henri Louis Charles Duvernoy Henri Vieuxtemps Henri Wieniawski Herbert Straus Gardner Hermann Adolf Wollenhaupt Hermann Berens Hermann Erler Homer Newton Bartlett Hubert Léonard Hugo Anson Hugo Reinhold Hyacinthe Eléonore Klosé