Chorale

The term 'chorale' is used to describe a musical form mainly used in German Christian Protestant church services. The chorale is a melody sung by the congregation and the sopranos, which is in turn harmonized by three lower voices. Given their utilitarian nature, they tend to be very singable tunes (even if the resulting harmonies are quite complex), and strophic in nature. Johann Sebastian Bach harmonized hundreds of chorales, which he set and the end of his Cantatas and Passions. Nowadays, chorales are also used as a device for studying harmonization.

Composers

Frei Jesuíno do Monte Carmelo Adolf Martin Foerster Adrian Batten Adrian Willaert Adriano Banchieri Agostino Agazzari Agostino Donini Albert Roussel Alfred Dörffel Alfred James Caldicott Alonso Xuárez Alwin Freudenberg Amy Marcy Beach André Caplet Andrea Falconieri Andrea Gabrieli Andreas Peter Berggreen Anthony J. Davis Antoine Bruhier Antoine Brumel Antoine Busnois Anton Bruckner Anton Webern Antônio Américo da Costa Antonio de Cabezón Antonio Lotti Arnold Schoenberg Arnold von Bruck Arnoldi Arthur Battelle Whiting Arthur Foote Arthur Sullivan Arthur Wellesley Batson Asa Brooks Everett Asahel Benham August Enna August Ferdinand Anacker August Wilhelm Bach Auguste Chapuis Augusto Bendelari Bartolomeo Felici Bernhard Anselm Weber Bon Voisin Bourgois Camille Saint-Saëns Carl Busch Carl Gottlieb Reissiger Carl Loewe Carl Nielsen Carlo Boller Carlo Filago Caryl Florio Cecil Forsyth César Cui César Franck Charles Bordes Charles Dupee Blake Charles Gounod Charles L. Ward Charles Lee Williams Charles Mortimer Wiske Charles Villiers Stanford Charles Wood Charles-Valentin Alkan Christian Flor Christian Heinrich Rinck Christoph Bernhard Verspoell Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse Christoph Förster Christoph Graupner Chukwudimma Akabuogu Claudin de Sermisy Claudio Casciolini Conradin Kreutzer Constantin Christian Dedekind Costanzo Festa Cristóbal Cortés Cristóbal de Morales Cristofaro Caresana Cristoforus de Monte D. Emlyn Evans Daniel Gregory Mason Daniel Léo Simpson Daniel Vetter David Hermann Engel David Toub David Wolder Dietrich Buxtehude Dmytro Bortniansky Dudley Buck Eaton Faning Ebenezer Child Ebenezer Prout Edmund Clark Edvard Grieg Edward Elgar Edward MacDowell Emerico Lobo de Mesquita Erasmus Widmann Estevan de la Fuente Fabio Costantini Felice Anerio Felix Draeseke Felix Mendelssohn Ferruccio Busoni Filippo Capocci Firminus Caron Florêncio José Ferreira Coutinho Florent Schmitt Floriano Canale Francesco Basili Francesco Corteccia Francesco Foggia Francesco Zane Francis Casadesus Francisco Guerrero Francisco Raposo Pereira Lima François Bourguignon Frank Guernsey Cauffman Frank V. Van der Stucken Fransisco Escalada
Franz Abt Franz Liszt Franz Schubert Franz Wüllner Franz Xaver Chwatal Frederic Field Bullard Frederic Hymen Cowen Frederick Bridge Frederick Shepherd Converse Friedrich Ernst Fesca Friedrich Ferdinand Flemming Friedrich Theodor Fröhlich Friedrich Wilhelm Berner Friedrich Wilhelm Franke Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Malancioiu Gabriel Pierné Gallus Dressler Georg Forster Georg Philipp Telemann Georg Vogelhuber George Albert Burdett George Elbridge Whiting George Frederick Bristow George Hendrik Witte George Job Elvey George Whitefield Chadwick Georges Hüe Giacomo Meyerbeer Giammateo Asola Giles Farnaby Gilet Velut Gilles Binchois Giovanni Battista Bassani Giovanni Battista Campodonico Giovanni Battista Casali Giovanni Ocio Giovanni Palestrina Giovanni Paolo Caprioli Giovanni Paolo Cima Giuseppe Baini Giuseppe Buonamici Gotthard Erythräus Gregor Aichinger Guillaume Couture Gustav Adolf Merkel Gustav Beckmann Halfdan Kjerulf Hans Adolf Dresel Hans Georg Nägeli Hans Leo Hassler Hart Pease Danks Hector Berlioz Heinrich Finck Heinrich Franz Heinrich Isaac Heinrich Schütz Heinrich Weinreis Henry Bollman Henry C. Eyer Henry Purcell Henry Waller Herbert Straus Gardner Hercule de Fontenailles Hermann Paul Claußnitzer Hieronymus Formschneider Hubert Waelrant Hugh Archibald Clarke Hugo Distler Immanuel Faisst Ingeborg Bronsart Ivan Zajc Ivor Atkins Jacek Rządkowski Jacob Arcadelt Jacob Vredeman de Vries Jacobus Clemens non Papa Jacobus Vide Jacques Duponchel James Hook James P. Carrell James Remington Fairlamb Jan Belle Jean Conseil Jean Courtois Jean de Castro Jean Japart Jean Sibelius Jehan Alain Joachim Decker Joan Baptista Comes Joel Engel Johann Crüger Johann Friedrich Reichardt Johann Friedrich Samuel Döring Johann Georg Ebeling Johann Hermann Schein Johann Jakob Wehrli Johann Joseph Fux Johann Michael Bach Johann Philipp Förtsch Johann Rudolf Ahle Johann Ruprecht Dürrner Johann Sebastian Bach Johann Walter Johannes Brahms Johannes Brassart Johannes Eccard John Bedyngham John Bennet John Bishop John Blitheman John Fawcett John George Callcott John Hyatt Brewer John Liptrot Hatton John Wall Callcott John Wiegand José Maria Xavier Joseph Barnby Joseph Canteloube
Joseph H. Adams Josquin Des prez Juan del Encina Juan Francés de Iribarren Julio A. Bueno Julius Benedict Julius Bleichmann Karl Adolf Lorenz Karl Goldmark Karl Groos Karl Heinrich Döring Kaspar Ett Kaspar Förster Konrad Rotter Lee Eitzen Lemuel C Everett Léo Delibes Leoš Janáček Lili Boulanger Louis Spohr Loyset Compère Lucien Gates Chaffin Ludvicus de Arimino Ludwig Erk Ludwig Senfl Ludwig van Beethoven Luigi Cherubini Luigi Mapelli Luther Orlando Emerson Maddalena Casulana Manoel Dias de Oliveira Manuel de Zumaya Marchetto Cara Mariano Estrada Mark Alburger Mark Andrews Martin Agricola Mateo Flecha Matías Juan de Veana Maurice Emmanuel Max Bruch Max Fiedler Max Filke Max Reger Melchior Franck Melchior Vulpius Michael Haydn Michael Praetorius Michael William Balfe Michel Rondeau Miguel Matheo Dallo y Lana Myles Birket Foster Nicola Antonio Porpora Nicolas Du Chemin Nicolaus Bruhns Nicolaus Cracoviensis Niels Gade Ole Bull Oliver Dudley Cooke Orazio Vecchi Oreste Ravanello Orlando Gibbons Otto Braune Pauline Viardot Pavel Chesnokov Pavel Maksimovich Vorotnikov Pernot Vermont Philipp Heinrich Erlebach Philippe Verdelot Pierre Cadéac Pierre Certon Pierre Colin Pierre Vermont Pierre-Francisque Caroubel Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky Raymond Huntington Woodman Reynaldo Hahn Richard Farrant Richard Kram Richard Strauss Robert Edward Bridson Robert Franz Robert G. Patterson Robert Nathaniel Dett Roberto Remondi Robertus de Anglia Samuel Arnold Samuel Augustus Ward Sergei Rachmaninoff Sergei Taneyev Séverin Cornet Siegfried Wagner Sigfrid Karg-Elert Sigismund Neukomm Stefano Fabri Stephen Foster Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson Theodor Eisfeld Theodore Distin Thomas Augustine Arne Thomas Baker Thomas Crecquillon Thomas Elsbeth Thomas Philando Ryder Thomas Stoltzer Tommaso Bai Ulrich Brätel Václav Veit Various Vincent d' Indy Walter Braunfels Wilhelm Breitengraser Wilhelm Eyle Wilhelm Valentin Volckmar William Appo William Batchelder Bradbury William Billings William Boyce William Faulkes William Gillies Whittaker