Early 20th Century

The late 19th century saw the final expansion of post-romantic languages, with composers such as Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler pushing the boundaries of the functional tonality. Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel were at the same time developing what most authors call the impressionist style, which was to become one of the transitional movements into the music of the 20th century. The reaction to the exhaustion of the tonal system was a generalized break with it, which was carried in diverse ways by different composers at the beginning of the new century. Arnold Schoenberg developed atonality, and later he created the twelve tone system, though this may be considered as a continuation of the post-romantic spirit rather than a complete break with it. Other movements arose, such as futurism, expressionism, neoclassicism, experimentalism, etc. Some of the notable names of the early 20th century are: Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, Alban Ber, Igor Stravinsky, Jean Sibelius, Charles Ives, Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy, Isaac Albeniz, Filippo Marinetti, Bela Bartok, Leos Janacek.

Komponisten

Abel Decaux Abing Adam Carse Adolf Eckardt Adolf Frey Adolph Gluck Agostino Donini Agustín Bardi Agustin Barrios Mangore Ákos Buttykay Alba Rosa Viëtor Alban Berg Alban Förster Albert Roussel Albert Bertelin Albert Doyen Albert Ernest Wier Albert Ketèlbey Albert Malotte Albert Verley Alberto Agrati Alberto Franchetti Albion Percy Alderson Aleksandr Borkhman Aleksandr Taneyev Aleksandr Veprik Aleksandr Winkler Aleksandr Yurasovsky Aleksey Yanshinov Alessandro Amato Alexander Scriabin Alexander von Dusch Alexander von Fielitz Alexander von Zemlinsky Alexander Wunderer Alexandre Cellier Alexandre Tansman Alfonso Broqua Alfred Andersen-Wingar Alfred Bachelet Alfred Brüggemann Alfred Bruneau Alfred Cottin Alfred Edward Moffat Ali Rıfat Cağatay Aloys Baudet-Maget Alphons Diepenbrock Alphonse Catherine Alwin Freudenberg Amadeo Vives Amherst Webber Amilcare Zanella Amy Marcy Beach Amy Woodforde-Finden André Caplet Ángel Gregorio Villoldo Angelo Bettinelli Annie T. Weston Anthony Bernard Antoine Charpentier Anton Arensky Anton Dianov Anton Webern Antonín Dvořák Antonio Cavuoto Antonio de Bassi Armand Bolsène Arndt Felix Arnold Bax Arnold Schoenberg Arnold Volpe Arthur Battelle Whiting Arthur Bergh Arthur Bliss Arthur Claassen Arthur Coquard Arthur de Greef Arthur Foote Arthur Honegger Arthur L. Brown Arthur Sullivan Arthur Willner Arturo Vanbianchi Arturo Cuccoli August Enna Auguste Chapuis Auguste Descarries Bedřich Antonín Wiedermann Béla Bartók Benjamin Dale Benny Davis Bernard Adler Bernard van Dieren Bernard-Louis Crocé-Spinelli Bernhard Ziehn Billy Baskette Blair Fairchild Blas María de Colomer Bohuslav Martinů Boleslav Yavorsky Boris Asafyev Bror Beckman Bruno Walter Buffin Victor Camille Andrès Camille Saint-Saëns Camille W. Zeckwer Carl Busch Carl Flesch Carl Frühling Carl Lafite Carl Nielsen Carlo Angelelli Catharinus Elling Cecil Forsyth Cécile Chaminade Cesar Cortinas César Franck Cesare Celani Çesk Zadeja Charles Ancliffe Charles Bordes Charles Collin Charles Haydn Arnold Charles Ives Charles Lefebvre Charles N. Daniels Charles Tomlinson Griffes Charles Villiers Stanford Charles Vincent Charles Wakefield Cadman Charles Whitney Coombs Charles Willeby Charles Wood Charles-Marie Widor Chiquinha Gonzaga Chris Smith Clarence Cameron White Claude Debussy Claudio Alsuyet Clifford Adams Clifton Worsley Constant Van de Wall Constantin-Gilles Cornelis de Wolf Cornelis Dopper Costanzo Antegnati Cramer - Pseudonym Cyril Bradley Rootham Cyril Scott Daniel Fleuret Daniel Gregory Mason Dezső Antalffy-Zsiross Diran Alexanian Domenico Alaleona Domenico Angeloni Donald Tovey Dorothy Albery Dorothy Fuller Dwight Anderson Edgar A. Brazelton Edgar Barratt Edgar Leslie Bainton Edmondstoune Duncan Edmund L. Gruber Edouard Destenay Édouard Lalo Eduardo Boccalari Eduardo Bottigliero Eduardo di Capua Edward Broome Edward Cuthbert Bairstow Edward Elgar Edward Shippen Barnes Egon Kornauth Eleanor Everest Freer Emerson Whithorne Emil Adamič Emil Bohnke Emil von Reznicek Emile Brucken Fock Émile Vuillermoz Émile Waldteufel Emile-Robert Blanchet Emilie Frances Bauer Emma Louise Ashford Emmanuel Rhené-Baton Emmanuele Nutile Engelbert Humperdinck Enrique Granados Eric Fogg Erik Satie Erika Bodom Erkki Melartin Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Ernest Austin Ernest Bloch Ernest Bristow Farrar Ernest Bryson Ernest Frederic Wagner Ernest Harry Adams Ernest Walker Ernesto Nazareth Ernie Burnett Ethel Smyth Eugen d' Albert Eugène Cools Eugène Ysaÿe Evelyn Bloom Evelyn Faltis Fartein Valen Federico García Lorca Federico Mompou Feliks Dziuban Felix Blumenfeld Félix Fourdrain Felix Harold White Felix Weingartner Felix Woyrsch Ferdinand Hummel Ferdinand Büchner Ferdinand Ferdinandovich Eckert Ferruccio Busoni Florent Schmitt Foulds John Francesco Federici Francesco Paolo Frontini Francis Bousquet Francis Casadesus Françis Coye Francis Poulenc Francisco Cuesta Franciszek Brzeziński Franco Alfano François Combelle
Frank Bridge Frank Edwin Ward Frank V. Van der Stucken Frank Waller Franklin Morris Class František Alois Drdla Franz Fink Franz Kneisel Franz Schmidt Franz Schreker Franz von Vecsey Fred Ahlert Frédéric d' Erlanger Frederic Hymen Cowen Frédéric-Augustin Binet Frederick Ayres Frederick Delius Frederick Shepherd Converse Frederik van Werkhoven Friedemann Baruch Friedrich Max Anton Friedrich Wilhelm Franke Fritz Fuhrmeister Fritz Kreisler G. Bissantz Gabriel Bunel Gabriel Dupont Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Grovlez Gabriel Pierné Gabrielle Ferrari Gaston Bélier Gaston Borch Gaylord Yost Georg Zoller Georg Capellen Georg Martin Alt George Albert Burdett George Antheil George Ashdown Audsley George Enescu George Fry George Gershwin George Job Elvey George L. Cobb George Michael Cohan George Whitefield Chadwick Georges Auric Georges Brun Georges Charton Georges Foucher Georges Hüe Georges Martin Witkowski Georges Villain Georgy Bazilevsky Georgy Catoire Germain Chevallier Gerrard Williams Giacomo Puccini Gian Placido Centanini Gilbert A. Alcock Gino Tagliapietra Giovanni Ocio Giulio Bas Giuseppe Cicognani Giuseppe Cristiani Grace Wassall Granville Bantock Guido Peters Gustav Beckmann Gustav Ernest Gustav Helsted Gustav Holst Gustav Mahler Gustave Doret Gustin Wright Hamilton Harty Hans Arvesen Hans Dagobert Bruger Hans Engelmann Hans Richard Weinhöppel Hans Wessely Harold A. Wilkins Harold Fraser-Simson Harriet Ware Harry Thacker Burleigh Harry Waldo Warner Havergal Brian Haydn Wood Heinrich Zöllner Heinrich Berté Heinrich Kaminski Heinrich Molbe Heinrich Weinreis Heitor Villa-Lobos Henri Dallier Henri Marteau Henriette Blanke-Belcher Henry Bethuel Vincent Henry Eymieu Henry Lane Wilson Henry Waller Henry Woollett Herbert A. Fricker Herbert Arthur Wheeldon Herbert Straus Gardner Hercule de Fontenailles Hermann Erler Hermann Paul Claußnitzer Hermann Zilcher Howard Talbot Howard Brockway Howard Chamberlain Hubert Bath Hubert Léonard Hugh Blair Hugo Alfvén Hugo Anson Hugo Daffner Hugo Distler Hugo Felix Hugo Riesenfeld Ian Keith Harris Ignacio Cervantes Igor Stravinsky Ilya Aizberg Irving Berlin Isaac Albéniz Isaac Van Vleck Flagler Isidore Witmark István Bartalus Ivan Caryll Ivor Atkins J. de Montber J. Stuart Archer Jack Wells Jacques Beers Jacques Charlot Jacques Féréol Mazas Jacques Ibert James Lyon James Philip Dunn James Reese Europe James Scott Jan Brandts Buys Jan D. Van Laar Jan Zwart Jane Vieu Jāzeps Vītols Jean Cras Jean Huré Jean Sibelius Jean-Baptiste Maillochaud Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin Jehan Alain Jenő Hubay Jerome Kern Jesús Castillo Joaquín Cassadó Joaquín Turina Joel Engel Johan Agrell Johan Amberg Johan Halvorsen Johan Wagenaar Johann Baptist Vanhal Johann Baptist Zerlett Johann Diebold Johannès Donjon Johannes Henrik Würtz John David Davis John Hyatt Brewer John J. Becker John Parsons Beach John Stepan Zamecnik John Valentine Eppel John Wesley Work II John-Henri Croisier José André José Balart José Ferrer José Vianna da Motta Joseph Achron Joseph Bonnet Joseph Boulnois Joseph Bucciali Joseph Canteloube Joseph H. Adams Joseph Jongen Jozef Bellens Jules Massenet Julián Aguirre Julian Edwards Julián Santos Carrión Julie Weissberg Julio Salvador Sagreras Julius Bittner Julius Bleichmann Julius Fučík Julius Weismann Julius Zaiczek-Blankenau Justin Elie Jørgen Bentzon Jørgen Ditleff Bondesen Kaptanzade Ali Rıza Bey Karl Bleyle Karl Goldmark Karl Michael Ziehrer Karl Weigl Karl Zuschneid Karol Szymanowski Karolyn Wells Bassett Katherine Barry Kathleen Bruckshaw Kenneth J. Alford Komitas Vardapet Konstantin Antipov Kosti Vehanen Kostia Konstantinoff Kurt Kárnauke Kurt Magnus Atterberg Laurent Ceillier Lawrence Zenda Leo Blech Léo Daniderff Leo Fall Leo Friedman Léo Sachs Leó Weiner Leonard Butler Leopold Auer Leopold Welleba Leoš Janáček Lewis Meadows White Lili Boulanger
Loraine Wyman Lothar Windsperger Louis Adolphe Coerne Louis Aubert Louis Campbell-Tipton Louis Combes Louis de Croze Louis Delune Louis Victor Saar Louis Vierne Louis Vuillemin Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray Louis-Jean-Baptiste Bas Louise Drake Wright Lucien Capet Lucien Chevaillier Lucien Gates Chaffin Luigi Bottazzo Luigi D'Ambrosio Luigi Denza Luigi Falcon Lynnwood Farnam M. Vandenhelsken Magdalen Sophrona Worden Maia Bang Manuel Ponce Manuel de Falla Marc Delmas Marcel Bertrand Marco Enrico Bossi Marius Carman Mark Andrews Martin Pierre Marsick Mary Earl Mathieu Crickboom Mathilde Bilbro Maurice Blazy Maurice Duhamel Maurice Emmanuel Maurice Ravel Max Eichhorn Max Fiedler Max Reger Max Vogrich Maxime Alphonse Mel Bonis Mezio Agostini Michael Dachs Michael Zadora Michele Esposito Miguel Llobet Mildred Adair Mily Balakirev Modest Mussorgsky Mortimer Wilson Mrs. Crosby Adams Mykola Leontovych Myles Birket Foster Nacio Brown Nadia Boulanger Nándor Zsolt Nannie Louise Wright Natalie Curtis Burlin Natanael Berg Nicanor Abelardo Nicolai von Wilm Nicolas Daneau Nicolo Isouard Norman Cocker Octave Crémieux Oley Speaks Olive Dame Campbell Oreste Ravanello Oscar Van Durme Óscar de la Cinna Oscar Fetrás Oscar Vermeire Otakar Sevčík Otto Barblan Ottorino Respighi Pál Hermann Paolo Amatucci Paul Bazelaire Paul Bliss Paul Büttner Paul Coutan Paul de Wailly Paul Decourcelle Paul Dukas Paul Ertel Paul Fauchey Paul Graener Paul Hastings Allen Paul Jeanjean Paul Lacôme d'Estalenx Paul Vidal Paul von Klenau Paul Wetzger Paul Zilcher Pearl G. Curran Pedro Humberto Allende Percy Algernon Whitehead Percy Eastman Fletcher Percy Grainger Percy Hilder Miles Percy Wenrich Peter Johannes Joseph Vranken Peter Warlock Philipp Weiser Philippe Courras Philippe Gaubert Pierre Attaingnant Pierre Coindreau Pierre de Bréville Pierre Donk Pierre Rode Pietro Floridia Pietro Yon Raffaele d' Alessandro Raffaele Delli Ponti Rainer Winkelmann Ralph Hamon Bellairs Ralph Vaughan Williams Raymond Huntington Woodman René Louis Becker René Louis Blin René Vierne Resurrección María de Azkue Reynaldo Hahn Ricardo Villa Ricardo Viñes Riccardo Zandonai Richard Armstrong Whiting Richard Barth Richard Henry Walthew Richard Strauss Richard Wetz Robert Fischhof Robert Nathaniel Dett Robert Patrick Weston Robert Whitman Atkinson Roberto Remondi Roderich Bass Rodolphe Kreutzer Roffredo Caetani Rogelio Villar Roger de Francmesnil Roland Farley Rosy Wertheim Roy Agnew Rudolf Dittrich Rudolf Ewald Zingel Rudolf Karel Rudolf Zwintscher Ruggiero Leoncavallo S. G. Earl Şafak Alıcıoğlu Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Scott Joplin Selim Palmgren Semyon Barmotin Serafino Alassio Sergei Prokofiev Sergei Rachmaninoff Sergei Taneyev Sergey Yevseyev Sergey Yuferov Sergey Vasilenko Siegfried Fall Siegfried Wagner Sigfrid Karg-Elert Sigmund Romberg Sigrid Arneberg Simon Bucharoff Simon Ernst Sr., Gerhard Theodore Alexis Stephen Vost-Janssen Swan Hennessy Sydney Baynes Tadashi Yanada Theodor Albin Findeisen Théodore Dubois Thomas Case Sterndale Bennett Thomas Edward Bulch Tolchard Evans Tom Dobson Tomás Bretón Tor Aulin Ture Rangström Ugo Afferni Uzeyir Hajibeyov Valery Zhelobinsky Various Vasily Zolotarev Victor Alphonse Duvernoy Victor Champion Victor Herbert Victor Vreuls Viktor Patrik Vretblad Viktor Zack Vincent d' Indy Vincenzo Valente Vincenzo Billi Vincenzo Di Fraja Vincenzo Ferroni Vladimir Pogozhev Vladislav Blazhevich Volkmar Andreae Waddington Cooke Waldemar von Baussnern Walter Braunfels Walter Bromme Walter Galpin Alcock Walter Miles Wilhelm Peterson-Berger Wilhelm Popp Wilhelm Stenhammar William Baines William Berwald William Dawson Armstrong William Dichmont William Faulkes William Gillies Whittaker William Henry Bell William Henry Reed William Wolstenholme Willy Burkhard Willy Burmester Xaver Scharwenka Xavier Leroux Yevgeny Alenev York Bowen Yuri Bilstin Zequinha Abreu

Performers