Sonata

A sonata is a work in three or four movements (rarely two, or more than four) for a single instrument or a small number of performers. The term evolved through the history of music, designating a variety of forms prior to the Classical era. By the early 19th century the word came to define a multi movement work, almost always including a first movement in the so called 'sonata form', a second movement of a slow, contrasting character; a dance for third movement, and a finale in a rondo, theme and variations, or sonata form. The term 'sonata form' refers to the layout of the first movement of a sonata, which confronts two main themes of different quality, develops them and then recapitulates. This soon became a basic principle in academic music writing. It was applied to many forms of large works, and, together with the fugue, defined the composition and musical analysis procedures for almost a century. Today it is still widely studied, and sonatas continued to be written, even if musical languages have changed.

Komponisten

Aaron Dunn Ad. Werner Adam Darr Adam Drese Adhemar Decq Adolphe Blanc Adriano Banchieri Ákos Buttykay Alain Lefébure Alba Rosa Viëtor Alban Berg Albert Roussel Albert Doyen Albert Heinrich Albert Hermann Dietrich Alberto Williams Aleksandr Borkhman Aleksandr Glazunov Aleksandr Taneyev Aleksandr Veprik Aleksandr Winkler Aleksandr Yurasovsky Alessandro Besozzi Alessandro Marcello Alessandro Rolla Alessandro Scarlatti Alessandro Stradella Alexander Alfred Alexander Scriabin Alexander von Dusch Alexander von Zemlinsky Alexandre Cellier Alexandre Tansman Alexis de Castillon Alfred Brüggemann Algernon Ashton Aloÿs Claussmann Alphonse Fortia de Piles Amanda Maier Amilcare Zanella Amy Marcy Beach Andersen Anton Jörgen André Chéron André-Joseph Exaudet Andrea Baghetti Andrea Caporale Andrea Fadini Andrea Grossi Anna Bon Antoine Dauvergne Antoine de Lhoyer Antoine Dornel Anton Beer-Walbrunn Anton Diabelli Anton Eberl Anton Rubinstein Anton Zimmermann Antonín Dvořák Antonín Reichenauer Antonio Vandini Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni Antonio Bertali Antonio Botti Antonio Brioschi Antonio Lotti Antonio Rosetti Antonio Soler Antonio Veracini Antonio Vivaldi Arcangelo Califano Arcangelo Corelli Armand-Louis Couperin Arnold Bax Arthur Foote Arthur Honegger Arthur Willner August Winding Auguste Chapuis Axel Raoul Wachtmeister Azzolino Bernardino Della Ciaja Backer Lunde Johan Baldassare Galuppi Bartolomeo Bernardi Bartolomeo Campagnoli Bedřich Smetana Béla Bartók Benedetto Marcello Benjamin Dale Bohuslav Martinů Bonifazio Asioli Boris Asafyev Bruno Walter Buffin Victor C.G. Vanheelen Camille Chevillard Camille Saint-Saëns Carl Anton Philipp Braun Carl August Nielsen Carl Bohm Carl Czerny Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Carl Friedrich Abel Carl Gottlieb Reissiger Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke Carl Joseph Brambach Carl Loewe Carl Maria von Weber Carl Nielsen Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach Carl Philipp Stamitz Carlo Yvon Carlo Albanesi Carlo Antonio Campioni Carlo Bodro Carlo Falco Carlo Ferrari Carlo Fiorelli Carlo Zuccari Carolo Cécile Chaminade César Cui César Franck Çesk Zadeja Charles Dancla Charles Avison Charles Barbandt Charles Bâton Charles Bénet Charles Burney Charles Ives Charles Lefebvre Charles Villiers Stanford Charles Vollweiler Charles Wakefield Cadman Charles-Antoine Branche Charles-Marie Widor Charles-Valentin Alkan Christian Barnekow Christian Gottlieb Scheidler Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse Christoph Förster Christoph Graupner Christoph Willibald Gluck Claude Debussy Conrad Ansorge Constantin Bürgel D. Chiapparelli Daniel Fleuret Daniel Gregory Mason Daniel Léo Simpson Dario Castello David Foulis David Funck Denis Pisarevsky Dietrich Becker Dietrich Buxtehude Diogenio Bigaglia Dmytro Bortniansky Domenico Zipoli Domenico Alberti Domenico Antinori Domenico Cimarosa Domenico Colla Domenico Corri Domenico Dall'Oglio Domenico Dalla Bella Domenico Ferrari Domenico Gabrielli Domenico Maria Drejer Domenico Scarlatti Donald Tovey Dudley Buck Ebenezer Prout Edouard Destenay Édouard Lalo Eduard Franck Edvard Grieg Edward Elgar Edward MacDowell Edwin Evans Egon Kornauth Elfrida Andrée Emanuel Aloys Förster Emanuel Moór Emanuele Barbella Émile Bernard Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Ernest Bloch Ernest Walker Ernst Eichner Ernst Wilhelm Wolf Ethel Smyth Eugen d' Albert Eugène Cools Eugène Ysaÿe Evaristo Felice Dall'Abaco Fartein Valen Fedele Fenaroli Federigo Fiorillo Felix Blumenfeld Felix Draeseke Felix Mendelssohn Felix Weingartner Ferdinand Ries Fernando Sor Ferruccio Busoni Filippo Benna Filippo Capocci Florian Johann Deller Fortunato Chelleri Francesco Antonio Bonporti Francesco Barsanti Francesco Chabran Francesco Durante Francesco Geminiani Francesco Maria Cattaneo Francesco Maria Veracini Francesco Molino Francesco Venturini Francesco Zappa Françis Coye Franciszek Brzeziński Franco Alfano Francois Cupis de Camargo François Delange Francois Devienne François Joseph Dizi François-Hippolyte Barthélémon Frank Bridge František Xaver Dušek Franz Anton Hoffmeister Franz Benda Franz Bühler Franz Danzi
Franz Joseph Fröhlich Franz Joseph Haydn Franz Krommer Franz Liszt Franz Schubert Frédéric Chopin Frédéric d' Erlanger Frederick Delius Frederick II Frederick Shepherd Converse Freixanet Friedrich August Dressler Friedrich Dotzauer Friedrich Kuhlau Friedrich Ludwig Aemilius Kunzen Friedrich Wilhelm Zachow Fritz Wagner Gabriel Fauré Gabriel Pierné Gaetano Valeri Gaetano Agazzi Gaetano Donizetti Gaetano Franceschini Gaspard Fritz Gasparo Sborgi Gasparo Visconti Georg Christoph Wagenseil Georg Friedrich Händel Georg Heinrich Bümler Georg Joseph Vogler Georg Matzka Georg Muffat Georg Philipp Telemann Georg von Bertouch George Antheil George Elbridge Whiting George Enescu George Frederick Pinto Georges Antoine Georges Auric Georges Martin Witkowski Georgy Catoire Gerard von Brucken Fock Gervais-François Couperin Giacobbe Basevi Cervetto Giacomo Carissimi Giacomo Gotifredo Ferrari Gian Domenico Cattenacci Gioachino Antonio Rossini Giorgio Antoniotto Giovanni Andrea Cima Giovanni Antonio Canuti Giovanni Battista Bassani Giovanni Battista Buonamente Giovanni Battista Cirri Giovanni Battista Ferrandini Giovanni Battista Fontana Giovanni Battista Martini Giovanni Battista Pergolesi Giovanni Battista Pescetti Giovanni Battista Viotti Giovanni Battista Vitali Giovanni Benedetto Platti Giovanni Bononcini Giovanni Buonaventura Viviani Giovanni Chinzer Giovanni Corini Giovanni Gabrieli Giovanni Marco Rutini Giovanni Maria Bononcini Giovanni Paolo Cima Giovanni Pietro Franchi Giovanni Stefano Carbonelli Giulio Bas Giulio Cesare Arresti Giuseppe Valentini Giuseppe Antonio Brescianello Giuseppe Antonio Vincenzo Aldrovandini Giuseppe Bencini Giuseppe Buccioni Giuseppe Cerruti Giuseppe Cristiani Giuseppe Demachi Giuseppe Ferdinando Brivio Giuseppe Sammartini Giuseppe Tartini Giuseppe Torelli Gottfried Böhm Gottfried Finger Gottfried Weber Granville Bantock Gustav Adolf Merkel Gustav Erlanger Gustav Flügel Gyula Beliczay Hamilton Clarke Hans Fährmann Hans Hinrich Zielche Hans Moritz von Brühl Hartenack Otto Conrad Zinck Hartwig Albrecht Heinrich Baermann Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber Heinrich von Herzogenberg Hendrik Andriessen Henri Bertini Henri Vieuxtemps Henricus Albicastro Henry Eccles Henry Morton Dunham Henry Purcell Henry Strauss Henry Woollett Hermann Berens Hermann Erler Hermann Ludwig Eichborn Hugh Blair Hugo Alfvén Hugo Daffner Hugo Reinhold Hugo Wolf Hyacinthe Jadin Ian Keith Harris Ignaz Brüll Ignaz Moscheles Ignazio Albertini Ignazio Cirri Isaac Albéniz J. Feyzeau J. Weingärtner Jacek Rządkowski Jacques Aubert Jacques Bosch Jacques Widerkehr Jacques-Nicolas Lemmens James Cervetto James Hook Jan Brandts Buys Jan Dismas Zelenka Jan Ladislav Dussek Jan Václav Voříšek Jan Zach Jāzeps Vītols Jean Baur Jean Cras Jean Jules Auguste Wiernsberger Jean Sibelius Jean-Baptiste Barrière Jean-Baptiste Bréval Jean-Baptiste Buterne Jean-Baptiste Canavas Jean-Baptiste Cardon Jean-Baptiste Cardonne Jean-Baptiste Cartier Jean-Baptiste Dupuits Jean-Daniel Braun Jean-François Dandrieu Jean-Frédéric Edelmann Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier Jean-Louis Duport Jean-Marie Leclair Jean-Pierre Duport Jesse Aerlyn-Crook Jiří Antonín Benda Jiří Cart Joachim Raff João Domingos Bomtempo Joaquín Turina Johan Agrell Johan Albert van Eijken Johan Henrik Freithoff Johann Adam Birckenstock Johann Adolph Scheibe Johann Andreas Amon Johann Anton André Johann Anton Filtz Johann Baptist Cramer Johann Baptist Vanhal Johann Baptist Wendling Johann Benda Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab Johann Christian Bach Johann Christoph Bach Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach Johann Christoph Pezel Johann Christoph Vogel Johann Ernst Bach Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel Johann Frey Johann Friedrich Agricola Johann Friedrich Fasch Johann Friedrich Hugo von Dalberg Johann Friedrich Reichardt Johann Georg Albrechtsberger Johann Gottfried Vierling Johann Gottfried Weiske Johann Gottlieb Graun Johann Heinrich Clasing Johann Heinrich Freytag Johann Jacob Walther Johann Joseph Fux Johann Joseph Vilsmayr Johann Ludwig Willing Johann Melchior Dreyer Johann Melchior Molter Johann Nepomuk Hummel Johann Paul von Westhoff Johann Philipp Kirnberger Johann Sebastian Bach Johann Sigismund Weiss Johann Stamitz Johann Vierdanck Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda Johann Wilhelm Furchheim Johann Wilhelm Wilms Johannes Brahms Johannes Colizzi Johannes Frederik Frøhlich Johannes Meinardus Coenen Johannes Prentzel John Burton John Christopher Pepusch John Erhardt Weipert John Field John Loeillet John Phillip Desaubrys John Stanley John Worgan José Comellas José Lidon Josef Gabriel Rheinberger Joseph Achron Joseph Benedikt Zyka Joseph Bodin de Boismortier
Joseph Boulnois Joseph Callaerts Joseph Dale Joseph Dessauer Joseph Drechsler Joseph Eybler Joseph Jongen Joseph Mayseder Joseph Mazzinghi Joseph Renner Joseph Siegmund Bachmann Joseph Tacet Joseph Woelfl Józef Elsner Jules Demersseman Jules Domerc Julie Candeille Julien Fernand Vaubourgoin Julije Bajamonti Julio Salvador Sagreras Julius Benedict Julius Bleichmann Julius Reubke Julius Weismann Karl Adolf Lorenz Karl Goldmark Karl Heinrich Graun Karl Weiss Karl Wolfrum Karol Szymanowski Katarzyna Brochocka Leó Weiner Léon Boëllmann Leonhard von Call Leopold Hofmann Leopoldo Miguez Leoš Janáček Liveretto Ferretti Lothar Windsperger Louis Abbiate Louis Campbell-Tipton Louis de Caix d'Hervelois Louis Delune Louis Diémer Louis Francœur Louis Sauter Louis Schindelmeisser Louis Spohr Louis Vierne Louise Farrenc Lucien Capet Lucien Chevaillier Lucien-Marie Aube Ludwig Albert Friedrich Baptiste Ludwig Berger Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig Wilhelm Tepper von Ferguson Luigi Boccherini Luigi Borghi Luigi Bottazzo Luigi Cherubini Madame Fresnoy Mads Gregers Dam Manuel Alejandre Prada Manuel Blasco de Nebra Marco Enrico Bossi Maria Teresa Agnesi Marianne Auenbrugger Marie-Joséphine de Comarieu de Montalembert Marin Marais Mark Alburger Mark Andrews Martin Berteau Martin Friedrich Cannabich Martin Pierre Dalvimare Martino Bitti Mateo Antonio Pérez de Albéniz Mathieu Crickboom Matteo Carcassi Mattia Vento Maurice Emmanuel Maurice Ravel Maurizio Cazzati Mauro Giuliani Max Brauer Max Reger Mel Bonis Michael Christian Festing Michael Dachs Michael Haydn Michael William Balfe Michel Blavet Michel Corrette Michel Rondeau Michel Woldemar Michele Esposito Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka Mily Balakirev Modest Mussorgsky Moritz Weyermann Muzio Clementi Napoleón Coste Niccolò Valenti Niccolò Dôthel Niccolò Paganini Nicholas Charles Bochsa Nicola Antonio Porpora Nicolai von Wilm Nicolas Chédeville Nicolas-Joseph Chartrain Niels Gade Norbert Burgmüller Olof Ahlström Oskar Wermann Ottorino Respighi Paolo Benedetto Bellinzani Pasquale Bini Paul Bernard Paul Büttner Paul Chabeaux Paul Colberg Paul Delisse Paul Dukas Paul Juon Paul Taffanel Paul Viardot Paul Wetzger Pedro António Avondano, Percy Carter Buck Peter August Petronio Franceschini Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter Philip Friedrich Buchner Philipp Friedrich Böddecker Philipp Heinrich Erlebach Philipp Scharwenka Philipp Wolfrum Philippe Gaubert Pierre Vachon Pierre Baillot Pierre de Bréville Pierre Donk Pierre Gaviniès Pierre-Hyacinthe Azais Pietro Locatelli Pietro Andrea Ziani Pietro Castrucci Pietro Giuseppe Gaetano Boni Pietro Yon Placidus von Camerloher Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky Quirino Colombani Ralph Vaughan Williams René de Boisdeffre René Louis Becker Richard Barth Richard Franck Richard Strauss Richard Wagner Richard Wickenhausser Robert Valentine Robert Barber Robert Fischhof Robert Fuchs Robert Schumann Robert Volkmann Rodolphe Kreutzer Roffredo Caetani Romanus Weichlein Rosy Wertheim Roy Agnew Rudolf Willmers Rudolph Barth Rudolph Bergh Samuel Arnold Samuel Capricornus Samuel Coleridge-Taylor Samuel Wesley Sebastián Albero Selim Palmgren Semyon Barmotin Sergei Prokofiev Sergei Rachmaninoff Sergey Yevseyev Sigfrid Karg-Elert Sigismund Neukomm Simoni dall Croubelis Sophia Dussek Stephane Ansons Stephen Heller Sylvius Leopold Weiss Theodor Kullak Theodore Akimenko Théodore Dubois Théodore Salomé Theodore Xavier Tanner Thomas Täglichsbeck Thomas Augustine Arne Thomas Ebdon Thomas Hamly Butler Thomas Vincent Tomaso Albinoni Tommaso Giordani Václav Vodička Valentino Nicolai Various Victor Alphonse Duvernoy Victor Bendix Vincent d' Indy Vincenzo Bellini Vincenzo Ferroni Wilhelm Van der Perre Wilhelm Berger Wilhelm Cramer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach Wilhelm Stenhammar Wilhelm Valentin Volckmar Willem de Fesch William Young William Boyce William Corbett William Croft William Edmund William Faulkes William Flackton William Sterndale Bennett William Williams William Wolstenholme Willy Burkhard Woldemar Bargiel Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Xaver Scharwenka Xinghai Xian Zdeněk Fibich

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